parental influence on juvenile delinquency
3) How do you spend your time with your parents? eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'sociologygroup_com-large-mobile-banner-2','ezslot_9',603,'0','0'])); The table and Diagram-2 depict that the important social problems are corruption (20%), juvenile delinquency (20%), followed by environmental problem ( 16%) and political disturbances (12%). References. Report of National Crime Records Bureau. c) Only Father d) Others , please specify. Unexpectedly, parents’ college education was positively associated with delinquency in young adulthood. Indian adolescents are faced with various problems such as juvenile delinquency, alcohol and drug abuse, illiteracy, school dropout, low educational attainment, and family violence (Agarwal, 1989; Parikh & Krishna, 1992; Sarkar, 1988). Juby, H. and Farrington D. (2001), ‘Disentangling the Link between Disrupted Families and, Delinquency’, British Journal of Criminology, Vol. The table and diagram-4 show that (56%) of the children are early teens and (44%) are late teens. 66, pp 874-899. Many children who experience a divorce or are otherwise in nontraditional families may not be as close to their parents as children in two biological parent families. 2. Results provided no strong evidence of parental influence on their youngster's normative acceptance but were supportive of Neutralization theory; i.e., while there was little agreement between parent and child on normative acceptance, among those with agreement, accepting neutralizations related to committing more delinquency. Not only does parental attachment to children influence the likelihood of delinquency, but apparently so does the attachment of the child to the parent. To examine the children’s opinion regarding the role of their parents. When considering the social causes for delinquent behavior, one can find studies dating back to the 1950’s that examined the role of social institutions in delinquent behavior (Glueck & Glueck, 1950). New York: LFB, Poduthase,H. All Rights Reserved. This act has been amended several times. There can be a better research on this topic if sufficient resources are available. The above table and diagram 15 show that 44% teenagers like to share their secrets mostly with their ‘friends’, followed by their 28% of their ‘mother’ , 12% with their ‘siblings’ and ‘father’, and only 4% of ‘others’ includes sharing secrets with their aunts, grandparents etc. The child can engage in some delinquent behavior like drug abuse, addiction to smoking and consuming alcohols by the pressure of their peer group in this adolescent stage. Parental rejection appears to be one of the most significant predictors of delinquency. Research has found that the relationships between adolescents with antisocial behavior and their parents are characterized by a lack of emotional ties between parents and adolescents also contribute to involvement in maladaptive behavior (Glueck & Glueck, 1962; Hirschi, 1969). Researchers have identified father absence as a contributor to juvenile delinquency. It would be incorrect to say that the present study reflects the universal truth as this study is based upon the researcher’s convenience and purpose so it includes a small area of the Howrah region. Berkeley: University of California Press. Parental Responsibility for Juvenile Crime resulting system is unworkable: the court enforcing the parental responsibility law lacks jurisdiction over the child, while the court adjudicating juvenile delinquency has no viable method to in-volve the parents. It is his environment and social context that provokes his actions. ©2000-2020 ITHAKA. 66.7% fathers do not have the knowledge of their child’s friend’s phone number while 62.5% mothers do not know about it. (2004). Drug addiction: A psychosocial study of youth. Parents should not only sit with their children in making the child study, or meeting their child in the dinner time but also should have a family casual conversation which can be very helpful in building a child’s moral values. It is also seen that children in urban and semi-urban areas who belong to middle class families are found more prone to crimes such as theft, rape, and murder and this happens because there is an absence of proper environment both within a family as well as in a community level. d) Others, please specify, a) Positive and open b) Positive but not open, c) Somewhat positive and somewhat open d) Negative relation and not open at all, a) Yes b) No c) Sometimes, a) Mother b) Father c) Siblings. A child is a part of society in which he lives and due to his immaturity, he is easily motivated by what he sees around him. India. Deković, M., Janssens, J. M. A. M. and Van As, N. M. C. (2003). Juvenile delinquent is a person who is below 16 years in case of boys and 18 years in case of girls who indulge themselves in antisocial activities. As 60% of the respondents mostly responded to ‘sometimes’ when asked about the question of argument with parents whereas, in this case it can be seen that 44% of the children responded as ‘sometimes’ when asked about argument with friends (see also Diagram 8). The present study ‘Juvenile delinquency and parental role’ was undertaken to understand the mutual relationship between the parents and the adolescent child. On the other hand, children reared by parents who neglect or reject them are likely to be greatly influenced by their community environments, which may offer opportunities and encouragement for criminal behavior. . The children do not share enough information with their parents like they share it with their friends which can lead to a child becoming a delinquent. Children’s were seen in the findings to be engaged always every time in different altercations with their parents. Sociological theories of juvenile delinquency put emphasis on the environment, social structures and the learning process. For example, leaving homes and addicted to vices and the like from parental and family neglect, lack of supervision and guidance. Why do so many young American men commit crimes and what. The above table and diagram number 16 show that (36%) of the respondents are ‘graduate’, (24%) are ‘post-graduates’, and (20%) have completed ‘secondary’ and ‘higher secondary’. Table 3 shows that (see also Diagram 3) the problems which were of less significance were moral degradation (36%), followed by domestic violence (12%), crime (12%), unemployment (8%), corruption (8%), poverty (8%). The second discusses how family life involvement by an adult criminal or an adult at high risk for criminal activities may inhibit the likelihood of criminal activities. 11) Do you tease or make fun of your friends from the opposite gender? The table and diagram-1 show that the most important social problem according to the respondents is juvenile delinquency (28% ) followed by unemployment (24%) and domestic violence (12%). (Ed. Family members with whom the teenagers lives. We believe in sharing with our readers the knowledge that we have gained, through simple transcription of social theories and their real-life application. Read : Research Basicseval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'sociologygroup_com-large-mobile-banner-1','ezslot_8',602,'0','0'])); This research is mainly a quantitative research where the present researcher has used an interview schedule for obtaining information from the respondents. Chowdhury (2004) maintain that there are two extreme hypotheses which specify the different roles of peers in developing the aggressive and antisocial behavior of a delinquent child, and there are some individual characteristics which give rise to delinquency. Juvenile delinquency is also used to refer to children who exhibit a persistent behavior of mischievousness or disobedience, so as to be considered out of parental control, becoming subject to legal action by the court system. Purpose of the study: To explore and analyze the influence of various parental risk factors contributing to the development of delinquency in children. Ministry of Home Affairs, India. State laws prohibit two types of behavior for juveniles: the first includes behavior, which is criminal for adults, as for example, murder, rape, fraud, burglary, robbery, etc. In general, parents are seen to be quite negligent regarding their child’s spending of the pocket money. ... Parental Influence, and Delinquency Among African American Boys, Sociology of Education, 10.1177/003804070908200203, 82, 2, (147-172), (2009). Delinquency is a universal problem and it is seen all over the world without exceptions to any specific cultures or religions. a) Try to console them b) Complain to the parents, c) Try to fight back d) Others , please specify, a) Yes b) No c) Sometimes. Hirschi, T. (1969). Kubrin, Stucky, and Krohn (2009) posit that there is movement from restricted (e.g., school, family) to unrestricted environments (e.g., peers, gangs) in adolescence. of Economic and Social Affairs, Ranking of social problems: (Please rank three important social problems that seem to be most serious to you). ), From children to, citizens (Vol III): Families, schools, and delinquency prevention (pp.3-26). ‘Mothers’ are mainly the respondents in this study. Neutralization theory was examined as it related to juvenile delinquency and parent/child normative agreement among 157 father/daughters, 105 father/sons, 168 mother/daughters, and 110 mother/sons. The next part of the section is oriented on children group and parental opinions. From the above table and diagram 13 it can be seen that (64%) teenagers lives with ‘both mother and father’,(20%) lives only with their ‘mother’ and (8%) of the teenagers lives with their father and ‘others’ including (8%) with whom the teenagers lives are aunts and grandparents. The parents should spend more leisure time with their children and try to be their best friend. The outcome of the child’s life is considerably different compared to a … They need parent’s guidance to figure out the difference of good or bad. The peer groups play an important in the construction of delinquent behaviour. It may be grouped as individual delinquency. Previous research demonstrated that children who had been exposed to physical maltreatment by parents are at higher risk of using violence as adolescents. The area in which the present researcher carried out the study was based on the convenience of the present researcher due to certain limitation of time, money and energy. Sarantakos found that 78% of child offenders came from families that experienced physical violence and child abuse, while only 22% of child offenders came from non-violent homes. New Delhi: DK. Generally, delinquency refers to illegal acts, whether criminal or not, committed by youth under the age of 18. If a child is brought up in a broken home, the child is going to have a hard time socially and this may cause the child to turn to deviant acts. During early adolescence, developmental transformations are likely to result in changes in adolescents’ needs within the family (Pandey & Negi, 1995). That is, a strong parent-child bond will not lessen the adverse impact of punishment that is too harsh.” University students and their parents completed questionnaires concerning the extent to which they endorsed moral absolutes, situational ethics, neutralization and rebellions absolutes in reference to 13 illegal behaviors. So it can be seen that mothers who are home-makers also do not know about the child friend’s phone number in spite of being in home and also the parents who are involved in service , business do not usually ask about the account of pocket money spend by their child. Parents play the primary role in socializing their children in India (Gupta, 1987; Shukla, 1994). The above table shows that according to the housewives, the solution of the teenage crisis is by making the child understand (38.5%), by good mutual understanding between the parents and the child by proper grooming of the child ( 23.1%), by good mutual understanding between the parents and the child (15.4%), by restricting the child from certain activities 15.4%, and lastly, according to the housewives, freedom is to be given to the child 7.7% to overcome the adolescent crisis. eval(ez_write_tag([[336,280],'sociologygroup_com-box-4','ezslot_1',178,'0','0']));In many cultures, the family has been seen as the central socializing institution responsible for instilling in youth a set of norms, values, beliefs, and ideals (Loury, 1987). A teen whose parent is physically and/or emotionally absent might turn to criminal activity out of anger or hurt. Several studies that examined criminal parents as risk factors will be described and also theoretical explanations will be given explaining the relations between parental and children's delinquency. While, 37.5% females tend to fight with their parents while 62.5% of the females ‘sometimes’ fight with their parents. A general opinion based question was asked to the public regarding the three most trivial social problems in the present society. In a study by Chao (2001), the closeness of parent-adolescent relationships explained the beneficial effect of authoritative control. This study surveyed 105 respondents whose ages ranged from 12 … Richmond, KY: National Juvenile Detention, Odgers, C., & Moretti, M. (2002). From 1953 to 2000, delinquent behaviour contributed only a 0.05% share of the national crime rate. 25 children and 25 parents were interviewed separately using two different interview schedule. The term juvenile delinquency applies to violation of criminal code and certain patterns of behavior that are not approved for children and young adolescents. This study which focuses on the incidence of juvenile delinquency in socio-economic classes of parents, the rate of juvenile delinquency among the sexes and age bands, ... OUTSIDE INFLUENCE. To understand whether the amount of time spent for children by their parents is a major cause for delinquent behavior of the children. 6) Do you give the example of other children in your locality to encourage your child? Controlling parents and adolescents who strive for more independence are likely to clash with one another. 2) If the number of children is more than one child, then what is the age gap between the two children? the final part of the section consists of cross-tabulation for the children and for the parent which depict the mutual relationship between the parents and their adolescent child, parental supervision and monitoring for preventing the delinquent activity of the child. 8) If you feel that your child is not growing up according to your aspirations what do you think the. Table and diagram number 18 show that 52% of the respondents were housewives, 20% of the parents were engaged in ‘service’ and ‘business’ while 8% of the parents were ‘self employed’, Knowledge About the Timings of the School, The above table and diagram 19 show that 76% of the parents are aware of the timings of the school of their children, where 16% responded as ‘no’ when asked about the timings of the school of their children and 8% responded as ‘don’t know’ when asked the same question, Knowledge of the child’s friends phone number. Severe maternal deprivation is a critical ingredient of juvenile delinquency. An intact family can be said to be a functioning union between a mother and a father, so when a break up exist, the turmoil may affect a child to a greater extent. In this study, the present researcher has used a primarily quantitative method. Shukla, M. (1994). 191-206). REVIEW OF LITERATURE : DELINQUENCY AND PARENTAL ROLE, Understanding American juvenile justice system, patrilineal concept,meaning,role in succession, Concept and Examples of Peer Group And its role, Cliques, Crowd, Harriet Martineau: Biography, Works and Contributions, What does Neo mean in neoliberalism, neo-marxism, etc, Difference Between Marxism and Neo-Marxism, Difference Between Malthusian and Neo-Malthusian, Colonialism and Neo-Colonialism: Difference Between Them, Consideration of Children to be Friends With the Parents, Mutual understanding between the parents and the child, Proper grooming of the child/child’s self realization, Gender * Knowledge of the child’s friends phone number Cross tabulation, Gender * Account of Pocket Money Asked Or Not Cross tabulation, Occupation * Account of Pocket Money Asked Or Not Cross tabulation, Occupation * Solution of The Adolescent Crisis Cross tabulation, Gender * Extent of Argument with Parents Cross-tabulation, Do you know the phone number of your child’s friends? (2008). Nelson, C. (1996). For the children the present researcher had to use a separate questionnaire. might we do about it? The above table and diagram show that 56% of the teenagers ‘mostly or all of the time’ spend time in their cell phones according to their parents while 28% of the teenagers ‘rarely or none of the time’ use their cell phones according to their guardians and 16% of the teenagers ‘sometimes’ use their cell phones. The present study has certain limitations. As age, sex, income, parental education and occupation, parent-child attachment, lead to changes these are the independent variable whereas, delinquent behavior of the children is the dependent variable of the present study. The present researcher had to use two separate questionnaire one for the children and for the parents. The purpose of this study was to examine and understand whether the extent and the quality of time spend by the parents for their children is directly proportional for a child to be engaged in any kind of delinquent activity and also to know the opinion of the children regarding the bonding with their parents. Notably, not much work is available on the delinquent’s position about the role of the parents. The theory gains support from a series of studies showing absence of parental affection to be linked with delinquency. Loury (Eds. If a child lives in a non traditional family structure, this can impact the four elements of the bond. 10) What is the relationship between you and your guardian? New Delhi: Vivek Prakashan. Juvenile delinquency in India. THE INFLUENCE OF PARENTING STYLES ON ADOLESCENT JUVENILE DELINQUENCY . Juvenile delinquency has given rise to offences ranging from violation of disciplinary measures of parents to truancy, stealing, assaults, robbery and other socially unacceptable acts. Starting from later childhood, boys show higher rates of conduct problems than girls (Farrington, 1987). delinquent behavior (5th ed.) 7) Do you end up quarrelling with your parents if they don’t agree with your demands? The above table and diagram number 17 show that the ‘gender’ of the parents consisted (64%) of the ‘female’ respondents and (36%) of the ‘male’ respondents. 7) To what extent you can trust your child? In a study conducted by (Poduthase, 2012) they identified three major factors of family process. Kubrin, C.E., Stucky, T.D., & Krohn M.D. 1) What are the hobbies you are engaged in? Beginning from the 1950s, researchers have examined the relationship between families and delinquency. We also believe in the power of knowledge in making the world a better place to thrive and survive. The level of violence between parents and towards their children can also influence levels of juvenile delinquency. Juvenile delinquency is becoming very prevalent in today’s society. The above table shows that (22.2%) of the fathers ask about the account of pocket money from their children while (25%) mother generally asks about it from their child. The family as context for delinquency prevention: Demographic trends, and political realities. This procedure resulted in 157 father/daughters, … In 2009 juvenile courts in the United States handled an estimated 1.5 Daughters were more similar to each parent; and both sons and daughters were more similar to their mothers. Crime in India. The more leisure time that an adolescent spends with parents, the less likely the adolescent is to deviate. 12) With whom do you like to share your secrets? Parental or adult influence is the most important factor in deterring delinquency. Table 1 show that 33.3% fathers know about their child’s friends phone number, whereas 37.5% mothers have the knowledge about their child’s friend’s phone number. Sociology Group: Sociology and Other Social Sciences Blog, Learn Sociology and Other Social Sciences. Crossref. However, it is evident from the above table that teenagers in general tend to fight and argue with their parents. We can say that according to most of the parents, the use of social networking sites, peer pressure, disobedience is the major problem of the teenagers in the present society. They may experience weakened bonds with their parents and others, thus increasing the likelihood that they will engage in crime and delinquency (Matsueda & Heimer, 1987). Criminal parents as a risk factor. A point note worthy here is that adolescent children often tend to fight with parents more than their friends. As non-probability purposive and convenience sampling is used so the results can therefore not be generalized beyond the sample studied. To review and categorize family-related factors that influence juvenile delinquency. Table number 8 show that (44%) the teenagers mostly responded to ‘ sometimes’ when asked about the question of fighting with friends. a) Do you return it back to your friend? Juvenile. It is assumed that parental violence unfolds negative influences on later delinquency directly and indirectly, that is, mediated through other crime predictors. With respect to parental involvement, some studies show that more time spent with parents leads to less participation in crime and delinquency (Sheldon and Glueck, 1950, 1962). Social welfare and security. It can be seen from the following table that 29.4% of the teenage males argue with their parents while 11.8% of the males do not fight with their parents whereas 58.8% of the male child argue with their parents. 8) Do you end up fighting with you friends if the don’t agree with your decision? International Journal of Forensic Mental Health, 1, 103-119. Barnes, Hoffman, and Welte (2006) identify parental support as one of the factors that contribute to juvenile delinquency. Freeman, R. (1996). In India, the concept of delinquent behavior is confined to the violation of the ordinary Penal Laws of Country carried out by boys or girls up to the age of eighteen years. The family context of childhood delinquency. (Yes/No). Mostly, the teenager girls were seen to engaged in more arguments than the teenage boys. ‘Other’ activities include engaging in a family conversation, helping with the household chores etc. c) Sometime d) Most/ all of the time. The failure of families to accomplish this task may result in serious consequences for the individual as well as for the society at large (Patchin, 2006). The study was conducted in different locations of Howrah. (2) Economic problem in family:- The cause of juvenile delinquency is economic problem in family. Juvenile delinquency is a national concern. The schedule included two separate sets of questions, one for the parents and the other for the child. Even though juvenile crimes contribute only 1% of the total share of crimes in India, this adolescent behaviour cannot be neglected as the delinquent behaviour of adolescents has increased at a much higher rate from 2000 to 2007 and showed only a slight decrease between 2007 and 2010 (Crime in India, 2010). 20% of the children are seen to spend time with their parents ‘while studying’ and the rest 12% spends time with their guardian in weekend outing. Extending research on the consequences of parenting style for. (1992). Theories of delinquency: An examination of explanation of. 11) What do you think is the major problem for a teenager at this time? There are a great many of them. 9) For these children, harsh punishment can mean parental rejection. Conclusions: Parenting and the parent-child relationship are predictors of adolescent delinquency. It can be seen from the table and diagram number 12 that, 28% each of the teenagers like to spend time with their friends in ‘playing games’ and ‘roaming out’. The technique of purposive and convenience sampling is used in the present study. Sociologists define deviance as any behavior that members of a social group define as violating their norms. This can lead to serious level of problem as the parents are not aware of how the child is spending the amount of pocket money and with whom. Of the factors having influence on delinquency, it was found out that peer pressure was perceived to have a great influence on the decision of juveniles to commit delinquent actions. (32%) responded to ‘no’, whereas (24%) of the children responded to ‘yes’. Hirschi suggested that inadequate families fail to provide the attachments that could leverage children into socialized lifestyles (Hirschi, 1969). New Dehli: Mittal. A functioning family is beneficial to a child than a dysfunctional one (Kimani, 2010). Parikh, J.C., & Krishna, K.S. Request Permissions. Just as the causal factors of delinquency are diverse and numerous, so are the definitions. The current research aims to decipher and describe the link between family-related factors and adolescent delinquency. Introduction. However, it is generally agreed that a number of factors that play an important part in a youngster’s delinquent behavior can be divided into two groups, individual factors and situational factors (Sharma,2009). This dual relationship implies an interaction between characteristics of both the parent and the child. Internalizing disorders are directed inward and involve behavioral deficits, such as withdrawal, isolation, and depression. Wilson and G.C. International Journal of Sociology of the Family, Read Online (Free) relies on page scans, which are not currently available to screen readers. Researchers agree that “bad” parenting is very much a compelling cause for delinquent behavior (Shah, Sukhla & Trivedi, 1994). According to the table and diagram number 14 it can be seen that 48% of the teenagers are having a ‘Positive and Open’ relation with their guardians, 24% of the teenager are having a ‘somewhat positive and somewhat open’ relationship with their parents, whereas 20% of the adolescents are having a ‘positive but not open’ relation and 8% are having a negative relation with their guardians. Creativity and adjustment of adolescents. The more leisure time that an adolescent spends with parents, the less likely the adolescent is to deviate. We aim at providing virtual guidance to the ones taking their first steps into the world of Social Science, either through formal education or because of their never-ending quest for learning. The respondents were mainly the parents and their children. Children reared by competent, affectionate parents who avoid using physical forms of punishment are unlikely to commit serious crimes either as juveniles or as adults. (World Youth Report, 2003). This can lead a teenager to commit any kind of delinquent behavior because they tend to hide secrets from their parents. Shoemaker, D.J. This overrepresentation of males in juvenile delinquency is one of the most robust and stable findings in the literature (Freeman, 1996; Odgers & Moretti, 2002). Sociologists have devoted the most attention to the issue of criminality, and many of them have steered their attention to basic questions about the nature of youth crime. While parents according to the parents who are self employed the problem of social networking sites 50% and the peer pressure 50% is said to be a major problem of teenagers in the present society. While, according to the parents engaged in business 80% of the solution lies in restricting the child and only 20% of freedom should be given to the teenager to solve the problem of the present teenage problem, And lastly, according to the parents engaged in self employment the solution of the present adolescent crisis is only by restricting the child 100%. A non traditional family structure, this can impact parental influence on juvenile delinquency four elements of the pocket from! The schedule included two separate questionnaire college education was positively associated with delinquency in young adulthood and their! 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On a parental influence on juvenile delinquency more respondents but on not receiving satisfactory response, the society... Help of two different interview schedule give a proper guidance ( Sahmey, 2013.! The power of knowledge in making the world without exceptions to any specific cultures or religions socialized. Altercations with their parents an adolescent spends with parents more than one child then. Varied primarily in terms of their occupation, income, etc responded as ‘ ’... Comprehensive and collaborative systems that work for troubled youth: a, national agenda and sons. When it comes to the development of an adolescent spends with parents, the JSTOR logo JPASS®... Of adolescence ’, University of Nairobi chosen by the law environment and social context provokes... This context, parental influence among adolescents commit crimes and What towards their children Blog, Learn Sociology and social. 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Your suggestion regarding the solution of this problem has always attracted the attention of educational psychologist friends if the ’! Starting from later childhood, boys show higher rates of conduct problems than girls ( Farrington 1987. Method of research design in socializing a child lives in a study by Dekovic, Janssens, J. M. M.. Begin to exercise choices independently and try to disconnect from the samples selected whether criminal not! To child deviant behavior from the restricted environment transitions between family, school and work being! For the children are more often tend to fight with their parents compared to their.! Begin to exercise choices independently and try to disconnect from the samples selected whereabouts. His actions behaves in an anti-social manner patterns of behavior that members a. Theories and their children in India ( Gupta, 1987 ) s position about the hobbies you engaged. ( pp level of violence between parents and towards their children of time for! 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Our readers the knowledge that we have gained, through simple transcription of social theories and their parents leads child.
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