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duranta plant diseases

duranta plant diseases

The leaves and berries of Duranta are toxic. news; Sample Page; Donate Now Proc. Anthracnose disease may be confused with numerous other occurring plant diseases. An earlier morphological and physiological description of a Xanthomonas sp. A saline buffered control was used as a negative control. ), these plants make great, quick-growing, warm-season annuals, and can even act as houseplants. If picky relatives coming, okay to prune, Avoid pruning shrubs right now unless you see damage, Do not prune oak trees unless you have damage: paint wound immediately, Okay to prune trees other than red oaks and live oaks, Shrubs, roses, trees, evergreen spring-blooming perennials while dormant, Asters and other fall-bloomers which are dormant, Select spots where you want fruit trees, grapes, or berries to plant in January; for now, prep with compost, Mulch cold tender plants like gingers, Esperanza and semi-tropicals. Frequently, the perfect stage of the pathogen, Glomerella spp ., is also present in infected tissue. Lab. King et al. First Report of a Leaf Spot Disease of Golden Dewdrop (, R. L. Gumtow, Getting rid of black leaf spot takes a lot of diligence, but in the end, the rewards are worth it. This species grows as a large shrub to 12 feet tall and wide if left unpruned in a tropical climate, where it never freezes. Over the past 2 years, during warm wet periods, dark necrotic leaf spots have been observed on golden dewdrop plants in Florida. King et al. Infection often first become apparent at a portion of the leaf margin. Sci. carotae (0.541). The shrub-like plant is multi-stemmed and the branches are somewhat droopy. It is considered an invasive species in Australia, South Asia, China, South Africa and on several Pacific Islands. Duranta is a genus of flowering plants in the verbena family, Verbenaceae. How to Dispose of a Diseased Plant. citri strain SA1 16S ribosomal RNA gene only, partial sequence identity JQ890091.1, thus indicating a possible undescribed X. axonopodis pathovar. Duranta's orange fruit attracts birds, which spread the plant into bushland. Perfect Plants: Name: 1 Gal. Unlike duranta plants, which do … Indian Acad. Some sources claim it is native to the West Indies and Central America, while others claim it is native to the Florida Keys. Does well in full sun and part shade. A. Son Steve Bartholomew from the Square Foot Gardening Foundation explains why his dad developed the concept, easy steps to make one, and how its global impact conquers hunger. A. J. Palmateer, Tropical Research and Education Center, Homestead, FL 33031; and We also have a white flowering cultivar in our garden, and it’s also very pretty, and forms more pretty yellow, ball-like fruits than other cultivars. Over the past 2 years, during warm wet periods, dark necrotic leaf spots have been observed on golden dewdrop plants in Florida. The good news is that black spot fungus rarely kills the host plant. J. M. F. Yuen, Department of Plant Pathology, University of Florida-IFAS, Mid-Florida Research and Education Center, 2725 Binion Rd., Apopka, FL 32703; Rake up and destroy fallen leaves before the first snowfall to eliminate locations where diseases can survive to re-infect the plant … In fact, gardeners in northern growing zones who experience cool summers can try growing phlox as an alternative to duranta plants. For years, it has been a favorite as a green, shrub-like plant with delightful blue or violet flowers followed by gold berries loved by birds. To do in your garden this week, it’s time to dead-head all of those spent blooms on your flowering plants, to encourage a second flush of color for the summer. Whiteflies can pass bacteria from one plant to another. Duranta repens is also known as Duranta erecta. Dig the planting hole twice as wide and to the same depth as the root-ball. Uses in landscape design: This compact plant is perfect for low hedges. How to Dispose of a Diseased Plant. It contains 17 species of shrubs and small trees that are native from southern Florida to Mexico and South America.They are commonly cultivated as hedges and ornamental plants.. Duranta is registered as an invasive weed by many councils of Australia. Durantas don't generally have problems with pests or diseases. Not as hardy as Duranta erecta; seems to require more heat. Please turn on JavaScript and try again. Leaves are larger (38 inches long) than those of Duranta erecta and taper to a … J. The use of plant-based medicine is popular amongst individuals and communities in developing countries. Other Species: 10 species in the Duranta genus - although 'Elissia' is not a separate ... Webmaster: Like many plants that come from a warmer plant, Duranta can loose their leaves during the colder months as a way of surviving the winter. Three isolates of both types were selected for further study. In 2012 leaf curl disease was observed on an ornamental plant Golden Duranta (Duranta erecta) in Lakshmangrh, Sikar district of Rajasthan province of India. The Duranta erecta, also known as the celestial flower, is a plant belonging to the Verbenaceae family, which have about 20 species of characteristic shrubs.This plant originally comes from the tropical regions found in America. Leaf spot pathogens that cause dieback of young shoots typically do not progress to infect the older woody branches. The plant is hardy to USDA hardiness zones 10 and 11. Space new plants well apart from each other. A native of the tropical regions of the Caribbean and Central and South America, the Duranta is sure to generate interest in your landscape. Duranta repens Linn. It starts with tiny black spots on leaves, no bigger than a pinhead. Two of the three yellow colony strains were identified by MIDI FAME profiles as Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. 44:301, 1954. D. erecta (golden dewdrop) is used extensively in southern states as an ornamental shrub and has replaced boxwood as the most common short hedge accenting flower beds. Duranta is commonly called pigeon berry, and it has an arching growth habit with bluish flowers. There are very few rules in gardening, but perhaps the most important one is to work within your zone. The full clusters of fragrant, pale blue flowers attract butterflies in summer and are followed by golden-orange berries, popular with birds. Yellow colony bacteria were oxidase negative and non-fluorescent on King's medium B (KMB) (1). There are many ways plants can transmit bacterial diseases to each other. If you want to attract native birds to your landscape, they’ll love the fruit of the white-flowering cultivar. In fact, most fungal, bacterial and viral plant diseases are spread naturally by wind currents, rain, soil seeds, insects and other animals. Prepare the planting area well by digging in Yates Dynamic Lifter Soil Improver & Plant Fertiliser. Established picotee sky flower suffers few serious problems and will thrive with minimal attention. was done on Duranta in India in 1962 (2). (2) M. C. Srinivasan et al. Deeply water new plants; keep new seedlings moist but not drenched. Duranta erecta has been used in Africa and Asia to treat a wide range of diseases. Sci. . Email. Examples of leaf spot diseases that progress to leaf and shoot blight include Aschochyta blight on lilac and Venturia shoot blight on Populus species such as poplar, aspen and cottonwood trees. Follow us on FB. Wife, mother and business woman. Duranta erecta is a species of flowering shrub in the verbena family Verbenaceae, native from Mexico to South America and the Caribbean.It is widely cultivated as an ornamental plant in tropical and subtropical gardens throughout the world, and has become naturalized in many places. The 16S rDNA sequencing of these strains showed 98% sequence identity to X. citri subsp. While almost no type of plant is immune--unless they're specifically bred resistant hybrids--certain species are more susceptible than others, including lilacs, flowering crab apple trees, phlox, red bee balm plants, roses, squash, cucumbers, and more. By the time temperatures reach into the seventies, the disease is running rampant and wont slow down until the daytime temperatures rise above 85 F. (29 C.). DONATE The third strain had a low similarity match to X. a. pv. Further reading: Hedges and Pruning a hedge in 7 steps (articles written by horticulturalist Angus Stewart). The Colletotrichum sp. If Duranta dies to the ground in winter in your garden, simply prune it back to about 3 inches from the ground and it will reemerge from the roots in spring. Duranta 'Sheena's Gold' APPEARANCE: Beautiful striking yellow coloured foliage with a dense habit that forms one of our most popular hedges. mastitis, micturition, piles, rheumatism, spermatorrhoea, venereal diseases and vitiligo. Golden duranta Diseases. A strain of P. cichorii (P409) isolated from chrysanthemum was used as a positive control when comparing cream-colored strains. This species of shrub is perfect for garden decoration, as it is an ornamental plant. To do in your garden this week, it’s time to dead-head all of those spent blooms on your flowering plants, to encourage a second flush of color for the summer. Partial 16S rDNA sequencing and fatty acid analysis (FAME) MIDI Microbial Identification System (Microbial ID, Inc., Newark, DE) were used for identification of strains. In fact, most fungal, bacterial and viral plant diseases are spread naturally by wind currents, rain, soil seeds, insects and other animals. (2) M. C. Srinivasan et al. Let’s learn more about Duranta propagation and care in the home garden. Family: Verbenaceae. It looks like your browser does not have JavaScript enabled. They are responsible for a great deal of damage and are characterized by wilting, scabs, … It’s listed as hardy to only zone 9, so here in Central Texas, it dies to the ground in winter in most gardens. Due to the difficulty in controlling bacterial diseases and the popularity of Duranta spp. Planting instructions: Planting: Dig a hole 60cm square and deep. The use of plant-based medicine is popular amongst individuals and communities in developing countries. Flowers and fruit are often found on the plant simultaneously Within 3 weeks, leaf spots developed on plants sprayed with each of the six strains, including positive control strain of P. cichorii. Collect leaves from neighbors to add to compost pile! Duranta Flowering Plant Info. Plant them accordingly, allowing each plenty of distance from the rest in the future. It is the ideal compact plant for patios and planting in containers. Dwarf Burford Holly Shrub with Dark Green Foliage: Price $ Gold Mound Duranta Flowering Shrub with Tiny Lavender Flowers: 3 Gal. Four incidents of Duranta erecta (golden dewdrop, Sheena's Gold, Geisha Girl) poisoning affecting nine dogs and a cat produced drowsiness, hyperaesthesia and tetanic seizures in all affected animals with evidence of alimentary tract irritation (vomiting, gastric and intestinal haemorrhage, diarrhoea, melaena) in five dogs and the cat. The plant species Anthurium andraeanum, Chrysanthemum morifolium, Codiaeum variegatum Duranta repens var. Duranta erecta 'Sweet Memories' SKU. Other common names: Golden dewdrop, Sky flower, Sheena’s gold, Aussie gold, Geisha girl. Duranta erecta has been used in Africa and Asia to treat a wide range of diseases. The Duranta flowering plant (Duranta erecta) may reach up to 10 feet (3 m.) in height, and flowers profusely from summer until the first heavy frost. (415) 828-4153 toniskittyrescue@hotmail.com. Choose a place in the garden that gets full sun. Pests and diseases cause harm to the plant. Duranta repens is an ornamental shrub that frequently exhibits leaf curl symptoms typical of begomoviral infection. Botanical name: Duranta erecta, Duranta repens. This rapidly growing shrub can get 10 to 15 feet tall and over 5 feet wide. Botanical name: Duranta erecta, Duranta repens. Save PDF Save hi … The Duranta is in the verbena family and is native to tropical America. Whenever you plant new saplings or young plants, picture the size they’ll reach once fully grown. Due to the difficulty in controlling bacterial diseases and the popularity of Duranta spp. Isolations from these spots on Difco nutrient agar (NA) consistently yielded two types of bacterial colonies that were not always simultaneously present: 1) round butyrous, bright yellow and 2) flat cream-colored. Try to contrast against a darker green or purple foliage and the results will please. Both were 2 mm in size after 48 h, gram-negative, and produced a hypersensitivity reaction (HR) on tobacco cv Hicks. . An earlier morphological and physiological description of a Xanthomonas sp. Toggle facets Limit your search A. Khan, The 16S rDNA primers used were; forward primer AMB14 5′-TCCAGCAATGCCGCGTGTGT-3′ and reverse primer AMB13 5′-CATCCACCGCTTGTGCGGGT-3′. aculeata Mold. USE IN: Ideal for hedges or for a splash of contrasting colour in your garden. This field is for validation purposes and should be left unchanged. in the landscape, these diseases may present a problem in ornamental trade. The spores can overwinter on plant material, but can’t survive in bare soil. While noted as highly drought tolerant, the Duranta is not salt tolerant, so plant accordingly. Name * Email * Company * Question. Duranta erecta is a species of flowering shrub in the verbena family Verbenaceae, native from Mexico to South America and the Caribbean.It is widely cultivated as an ornamental plant in tropical and subtropical gardens throughout the world, and has become naturalized in many places. Duranta is found in coastal Queensland and northern New South Wales. Best to leave seeds on plants for birds and protect root system. Using FAME analysis, the three strains of the cream-colored colony type were identified as Pseudomonas cichorii with high similarity values (0.907, 0.961, 0.819) and this corresponded well with the 16S rDNA sequences where 99% sequence identity was observed with P. cichorii strain JBC1 16S ribosomal RNA gene, partial sequence GenBank Accession No. Flowers: The flowers are blue, purple or white, grouped together on spikes 4–9cm long arising from the leaf axils. Flowers in shades of sky-blue, lilac, purple, or white blossom gracefully along arching branches in summer; they are followed by spherical, yellow fruit. Cream-colored colony bacteria were oxidase positive and fluorescent on KMB. General description: A popular ornamental shrub to 4m high, often cultivated as a hedge.. This study evaluated the phytochemical profile and antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of D. erecta to ascertain its health benefits in traditional medicine. JF951725. When it comes to diseases that may befall your plants, powdery mildew tops the list as one of the most common culprits. The shrub's brilliant golden color makes it one of the most valued colorful foliage plants. Duranta repens Lovely to look at, easy to grow - gold mound offers amazing color as a delightfully bright accent in any South Florida garden. Duranta repens Sheens's Gold is a bushy evergreen shrub with pendulous branches and very attractive, rich golden foliage.. Four incidents of Duranta erecta (golden dewdrop, Sheena's Gold, Geisha Girl) poisoning affecting nine dogs and a cat produced drowsiness, hyperaesthesia and tetanic seizures in all affected animals with evidence of alimentary tract irritation (vomiting, gastric and intestinal haemorrhage, diarrhoea, melaena) in five dogs and the cat. Duranta erecta (Verbenaceae) is used extensively in southern states as an ornamental shrub and has replaced boxwood as the most common short hedge accenting flower beds. USDA Zone? A. M. Bocsanczy, and in the landscape, these diseases may present a problem in ornamental trade. In April 2017, a new leaf spot disease was observed on D. repens in several public parks of Zhanjiang City in Guangdong Province. This study evaluated the phytochemical profile and antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of D. erecta to ascertain its health benefits in traditional medicine. Preempt the easy spread of disease by keeping one plant from touching another once they’ve matured. 4776. Native to Tropical America, Duranta erecta (Golden Dewdrop) is a fast-growing, usually thorny, evergreen shrub or small tree sporting shiny rich green leaves and loose clusters, 6 in. Watering and Feeding. Foliage: The Duranta erecta ‘Sheena’s Gold’ has with bright yellow foliage. Two bacterial leaf-spot diseases were observed extensively on Duranta repens L. and Lantana camara L. var. plants at Panchgani, a hill station in Bombay State. The native plant can reach small-tree status, growing up to 25 feet tall. 56:88, 1962. J. We have it planted against a wall, with full sun exposure all day, so the heat that builds up during the day is radiated during the night, keeping the microclimate much warmer there than in other areas of the garden. Typical sizes: 140mm, 200mm, 300mm: Enquire about this plant. Flowers: The flowers are blue, purple or white, grouped together on spikes 4–9cm long arising from the leaf axils. The Common Names of Plant Diseases lists have been prepared by authorities on the given plants and include approved common names, along with the associated pathogens or causes. The golden dewdrop or the golden duranta is a perennial shrub, this plant with its yellow leaves and small purple flowers can really put on a show, what I love about the golden duranta is its colorful leaves and flowers which means installing these garden beauties in your landscape and gardens will give you that constant color. 44:301, 1954. References: (1) E. O. Lavender Chiffon Rose of Sharon (Hibiscus) Live Shrub, Light Purple Flowers: 3 Gal. An earlier morphological and physiological description of a Xanthomonas sp. The Duranta flowering plant (Duranta erecta) may reach up to 10 feet (3 m.) in height, and flowers profusely from summer until the first heavy frost. Diseases: Sometimes troubled by whiteflies. Duranta erecta has been used in Africa and Asia to treat a wide range of diseases. Rake leaves into beds to mulch over winter and return nutrients to the soil, Mow leaves on grass (if not raking to beds or compost) to break them down. There are several cultivars of Duranta, but my favorite is the purple-flowering one. General description: A popular ornamental shrub to 4m high, often cultivated as a hedge.. It copes well on most soil types. Clin. Duranta repens 'Sheena's Gold' Golden Dewdrop, Duranta 'Sheena's Gold' ... No specific pests or diseases. Inoculation experiments were repeated three times with a minimum of three plants per isolate with similar results. Over the past 2 years, during warm wet periods, dark necrotic leaf spots have been observed on golden dewdrop plants in Florida. The Duranta bush resists disease but is susceptible to a variety of bugs, including scale insects, mealy bugs and nematodes. To our knowledge, this is the first report in the United States of bacterial leaf spot caused by P. cichorii and X. axonopodis on golden dewdrop. Duranta's orange fruit attracts birds, which spread the plant into bushland. Native to tropical America from Florida to Brazil, duranta is a flowering shrub that can invade natural areas and roadsides. Keep that row cover ready! Common name: Duranta. Canker. Commonly called picotee sky flower, Duranta erecta "Sapphire Showers" livens gardens within U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 8b to 11 with its frilly, purple and white flowers, which bloom from late spring into summer. Many plant diseases can quickly return if the dead plant matter isn’t properly disposed of. The use of plant-based medicine is popular among individuals and communities in developing countries. The plant you described is most likely the golden dew drop, Duranta erecta. A tropical powerhouse, the golden dewdrop plant (more commonly known as duranta) is a fast-growing tropical shrub with beautiful blooms and fantastic foliage. Others can survive on nearby dead plants or infected gardening tools. 56:88, 1962. Joy. The lilac-blue flowers are held at the ends of the weeping branches, while the lush golden foliage and elegant habit make this a lovely specimen plant. manihotis with similarity coefficients of 0.767 and 0.826. To satisfy Koch's postulates, three golden dewdrop ‘Golden Mound’ plants were sprayed with a suspension of 108 CFU/ml of a 2-day NA culture of each strain, bagged for 24 h to raise humidity, and placed in a greenhouse. Duranta species require a moderate amount of water. Med. It was introduced to Australia as an ornamental plant. The origin of this small evergreen tree is subject to debate. Duranta will perform best in full sun, but can take light shade. Med. Others can survive on nearby dead plants or infected gardening tools. J. Makes neater, more compact shrub than Duranta erecta, growing to about 46 feet tall, 35 feet wide (under ideal conditions, 15 feet high). was done on Duranta in India in 1962 (2). Often laboratory analysis is the only way to confirm the presents of the disease. To demonstrate the beauty and value of the Blackland Prairie, University of Texas at Austin students are seeding the future at the Half-Pint | watch episode →, Half-Pint Urban Prairie + Native Fruit Tress, http://aggie-horticulture.tamu.edu/travis/home-landscape/edible-gardens/growing-vegetables/, Winter annuals, including calendula, snapdragon, pansy, viola, dusty miller, ornamental kale and cabbage, alyssum, stock, cyclamen, dusty miller, flowering kale and cabbage, Avoid planting cold tender plants like Pride of Barbardos, Esperanza, lantana, plumbago, Cilantro transplants, parsley, dill, fennel , chervil, summer savory, borage, rue, chives, Be prepared to cover in case of deep freeze, Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Vegetable Planting Guides (Central Texas), Prune freeze damaged plants or not? In Leander, Ellen and Rick Bickling turned the kids’ old basketball court into square foot | watch episode →, Let’s get growing native fruit trees! Lab. This study evaluated the phytochemical profile and antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of D. erecta to ascertain its health benefits in traditional medicine. The PCR program consisted of an initial denaturing cycle of 95°C for 2 min followed by 30 cycles of denaturing at 95°C for 30 s, annealing at 60°C for 40 s and extension at 72°C for 1 min and one final extension at 72°C for 10 min. Duranta will perform best in full sun, but can take light shade. Several other species have been identified in infections of various hosts. You searched for: Duranta erecta Remove constraint Duranta erecta Start Over. Leaf spot diseases will not seriously harm your plants, but there are things you can do that, when done together, can reduce the disease on the tree in following years. Bring your container dewdrop plants indoors when the temperature falls below 40° degrees Fahrenheit (4° C). King et al. Proc. Native to tropical America from Florida to Brazil, duranta is a flowering shrub that can invade natural areas and roadsides. The Duranta flowering plant (Duranta erecta) may reach up to 10 feet (3 m.) in height, and flowers profusely from summer until the first heavy frost. Duranta is a genus of 21 species of tender tropical shrubs and trees in the Verbena family, native to the Caribbean region and adjacent continental lands from Florida, to Mexico and South America as far south as Brazil and Peru. Remove the plant … Choosing plants that grow and thrive in your particular climate is the very first step toward having a beautiful garden . It will not grow much larger than 2m tall and likes some protection from the sun so is best planted under a tree canopy. It flowers from early spring all the way through fall and doesn’t bat an eyelash at heat or the lack of rainfall. Duranta is an easy care plant that is rarely troubled by pests or diseases. One of the most common diseases of plants is Colletotrichum leaf spot, or anthracnose. D. J. Norman, Department of Plant Pathology, University of Florida-IFAS, Mid-Florida Research and Education Center, 2725 Binion Rd., Apopka, FL 32703, © 2013 The American Phytopathological Society, The American Phytopathological Society (APS), APS Education Center Online Teaching Portal, Internship, REU, REEU & Work Experience Opportunities, http://dx.doi.org/10.1094/PDIS-12-12-1117-PDN. Due to the difficulty in controlling bacterial diseases and the popularity of Duranta spp. Family: Verbenaceae. References: (1) E. O. How to grow duranta in your garden. Duranta repens is an ornamental shrub that frequently exhibits leaf curl symptoms typical of begomoviral infection. With the potential to become quite large where they are hardy (some varieties reaching over 15 feet! Duranta erecta 'Golden Edge' This tropical shrub or small tree may be grown in a mixed or shrub border; in colder climates, it does well in a temperate greenhouse. was done on Duranta in India in 1962 (2). While the green leaf variety along with the blue-purple flowers is attractive as is, the variegated forms with white and green, and gold and green, add a whole new dimension to color combinations. References: (1) E. O. 9 - 11. But in our demonstration garden at the Extension office, Duranta is evergreen, hardly even skipping a bit in the coldest of winters. This plant originates in Central America. As the fungus develops, those black spots o… Lab. Indian Acad. Stems do not have spines. The shrub-like plant is multi-stemmed and the branches are somewhat droopy. Other common names: Golden dewdrop, Sky flower, Sheena’s gold, Aussie gold, Geisha girl. Two begomoviruses or DNA-A components (isolates 57SA and 58SA) along with a DNA-B component (31SA) were identified in a symptomatic D. repens plant. Horticulturist Karen Beaty from the Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center plucks a few for big and small gardens to feed us, the birds, and beneficial pollinators. Syn: Duranta erecta Skyflower is a vigorous fast growing evergreen shrub reaching 3-5 m in height and with an overall weeping shape when mature.. Med. Reisolations yielded the same type of colony as the originally inoculated strain. aurea, Etlingera elatior, Heliconia spp., Gomphrena globosa, Jatropha podagrica, and Sansevieria cylindrica are registered as new hosts for root-knot nematodes (Meloidogyne spp.). Sunshine Ligustrum Shrub (2-Pack) 7 Gal. Do not protect plants with plastic! This species grows as a large shrub to 12 feet tall and wide if left unpruned in a tropical climate, where it never freezes. Blooming in summer to fall (throughout the year where hardy), the blossoms are borne on arching, sometimes droopy and vinelike branches. It is considered an invasive species in Australia, South Asia, China, South Africa and on several Pacific Islands. long (15 cm), of ravishing, vibrant violet-blue flowers, often edged in white. Let’s learn more about Duranta propagation and care in the home garden. Two begomoviruses or DNA-A components (isolates 57SA and 58SA) along with a DNA-B component (31SA) were identified in a symptomatic D. repens plant. Many plant diseases can quickly return if the dead plant matter isn’t properly disposed of. It was introduced to Australia as an ornamental plant. It might be decaying of its roots, infecting leaves, causing yellowish … in the landscape, these diseases may present a problem in ornamental trade. Duranta erecta ‘Sweet Memories’ (Pigeon Berry, Golden Dewdrop, Skyflower) Growing in our garden are two of the commonest cultivars – Duranta erecta ‘Sweet Memories’ with stunning purple flowers with contrasting white centres and wavy white borders on petals’ edges, and Duranta erecta ‘Alba’ with sweet white flowers. The names “Golden Dewdrop,” “Pigeon Berry” and “Brazilian Sky Flower” have been associated with this plant. Learn More. The Common Names of Plant Diseases lists have been prepared by authorities on the given plants and include approved common names, along with the associated pathogens or causes. Plant Diseases Disease fungi take their energy from the plants on which they live. Duranta is a genus of 21 species of tender tropical shrubs and trees in the Verbena family, native to the Caribbean region and adjacent continental lands from Florida, to Mexico and South America as far south as Brazil and Peru.

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