. [40] Centuries later, Strabo associated the Getae with the Dacians who dominated the lands along the southern Carpathian Mountains in the 1st century BC. Chinezii v-or avea 51% din actiuni – Nicolae Moga (PSD) – Energie – HotNews.ro", "Numărul conexiunilor la internet a crescut cu 22,8%. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195467', size: [320, 50] }}, [106], The Kingdom of Hungary collapsed, and the Ottomans occupied parts of Banat and Crișana in 1541. However, the language also has its own words and phrases that can’t be translated into English. [243], Romania has one of the largest areas of undisturbed forest in Europe, covering almost 27% of its territory. [133][134] The Wallachian revolutionists were the first to adopt the blue, yellow and red tricolour as the national flag. As Romania's foreign debt increased sharply between 1977 and 1981 (from US$3 billion to $10 billion),[206] the influence of international financial organisations—such as the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the World Bank—grew, gradually conflicting with Ceaușescu's autocratic rule. ", "Arad: "Bătrâna Doamnă", UTA Arad, împlinește, joi, 74 de ani. { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_SR' }}, [151] After they promised Austrian-Hungarian territories with a majority of ethnic Romanian population to Romania in the Treaty of Bucharest, Romania entered the war against the Central Powers in 1916. [28] Romania became the predominant spelling around 1975. { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_SR' }}, Translate to. [322] More than 60% of the foreign visitors in 2007 were from other EU countries. [407], Contemporary musicians like Angela Gheorghiu, Gheorghe Zamfir,[408][409] Inna,[410] Alexandra Stan[411] and many others have achieved various levels of international acclaim. [293] The largest local companies include car maker Automobile Dacia, Petrom, Rompetrol, Ford Romania, Electrica, Romgaz, RCS & RDS and Banca Transilvania. } [238] There are almost 10,000 km2 (3,900 sq mi) (about 5% of the total area) of protected areas in Romania covering 13 national parks and three biosphere reserves. bidderSequence: "fixed" "authorizationFallbackResponse": { [433], Football is the most popular sport in Romania with over 219,000 registered players as of 2018[update]. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195467', size: [300, 50] }}, [49][50] Scholars accepting the Daco-Roman continuity theory—one of the main theories about the origin of the Romanians—say that the cohabitation of the native Dacians and the Roman colonists in Roman Dacia was the first phase of the Romanians' ethnogenesis. a republic in SE Europe, bordering on the Black Sea: united in 1861; became independent in 1878; Communist government set up in 1945; became a socialist republic in 1965; a more democratic regime was installed after a revolution in 1989; joined the EU in 2007. [245] Some 3,700 plant species have been identified in the country, from which to date 23 have been declared natural monuments, 74 extinct, 39 endangered, 171 vulnerable, and 1,253 rare. [476], Gymnastics is country's major medal-producing sport,[477] with Olympic and sport icon Nadia Comăneci becoming the first gymnast ever to score a perfect ten in an Olympic event at the 1976 Summer Olympics. [99][100] The second Romanian principality, Moldavia, achieved full autonomy during the reign of Bogdan I around 1360. { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '446382' }}, The account balance in 2012 was estimated to be 4.52% of GDP. [335] Victor Babeș discovered more than 50 types of bacteria;[336] biologist Nicolae Paulescu discovered insulin,[337] while Emil Palade received the Nobel Prize for his contributions to cell biology. [312] With one of the largest reserves of crude oil and shale gas in Europe[313] it is among the most energy-independent countries in the European Union,[314] and is looking to expand its nuclear power plant at Cernavodă further. [340] In recent years, Romania has ranked the lowest or second-lowest in the European Union by research and development spending as a percentage of GDP, standing at roughly 0.5% in 2016 and 2017, substantially below the EU average of just over 2%. [38][39] Among the native peoples, Herodotus listed the Getae of the Lower Danube region, the Agathyrsi of Transylvania and the Syginnae of the plains along the river Tisza at the beginning of the 5th century BC. "authorization": "https://dictionary.cambridge.org/auth/info?rid=READER_ID&url=CANONICAL_URL&ref=DOCUMENT_REFERRER&type=ENTRY_TRANSLATE&v1=english&v2=romania&v3=&v4=english&_=RANDOM", name: "pbjs-unifiedid", The women's team won the world championship in 1962 and have enjoyed more success than their male counterparts in recent years. [376] Counties with over ⅔  urban population are Hunedoara, Brașov and Constanța, while those with less than a third are Dâmbovița (30.06%) and Giurgiu and Teleorman. [203]) It was the only Communist state to maintain diplomatic relations with Israel after 1967's Six-Day War and established diplomatic relations with West Germany the same year. [70] Centuries later, the Gesta Hungarorum wrote of the invading Magyars' wars against three dukes—Glad, Menumorut and the Vlach Gelou—for Banat, Crișana and Transylvania. [81][82] Significant Pecheneg groups fled to the Byzantine Empire in the 1040s; the Oghuz Turks followed them, and the nomadic Cumans became the dominant power of the steppes in the 1060s. { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654174' }}, { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654174' }}, } Text from. [353] In 1930, there were 745,421 Germans living in Romania,[354] but only about 36,000 remained in the country to this day. [69], The Magyars (or Hungarians) took control of the steppes north of the Lower Danube in the 830s, but the Bulgarians and the Pechenegs jointly forced them to abandon this region for the lowlands along the Middle Danube around 894. [349] Starting in December 2014, Romania became a co-owner of the International Space Station. [306] Romania's rail transport experienced a dramatic decline after 1989 and was estimated at 99 million passenger journeys in 2004, but has experienced a recent (2013) revival due to infrastructure improvements and partial privatisation of lines,[255] accounting for 45% of all passenger and freight movements in the country. In Romania, there is a story about a vampire, Dracula. bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162050', zoneId: '776358', position: 'atf' }}, 'max': 8, var mapping_houseslot_b = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([963, 0], []).addSize([0, 0], [300, 250]).build(); { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a9690ab01717182962182bb50ce0007', pos: 'cdo_btmslot_mobile_flex' }}, var pbAdUnits = getPrebidSlots(curResolution); Improve your vocabulary with English Vocabulary in Use from Cambridge.Learn the words you need to communicate with confidence. {code: 'ad_btmslot_a', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_btmslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/btmslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250], [320, 50], [300, 50]] } }, Definition of Romania in the AudioEnglish.org Dictionary. { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_topslot' }}, [234], Following the experience of economic instability throughout the 1990s, and the implementation of a free travel agreement with the EU, a great number of Romanians emigrated to Western Europe and North America, with particularly large communities in Italy, Germany and Spain. [138] Cuza's government carried out a series of reforms, including the secularisation of the property of monasteries and agrarian reform, but a coalition of conservative and radical politicians forced him to abdicate in February 1866. { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654208' }}, dfpSlots['leftslot'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/leftslot', [[120, 600], [160, 600]], 'ad_leftslot').defineSizeMapping(mapping_leftslot).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'top').setTargeting('hp', 'left').addService(googletag.pubads()); Ciprian Manolescu managed to write a perfect paper (42 points) for a gold medal more times than anybody else in the history of the competition, in 1995, 1996 and 1997. [196][197][198], In 1948, the state began to nationalise private firms and to collectivise agriculture. bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776160', position: 'atf' }}, [389], Romania ranks fifth in the all-time medal count at the International Mathematical Olympiad with 316 total medals, dating back to 1959. [d][351] The Roma minority is usually underestimated in census data and may represent up to 10% of the population. In February 1947, he and others forced King Michael I to abdicate and leave the country and proclaimed Romania a people's republic. [112] Although the rulers of the three principalities continued to pay tribute to the Ottomans, the most talented princes—Gabriel Bethlen of Transylvania, Matei Basarab of Wallachia, and Vasile Lupu of Moldavia—strengthened their autonomy. { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971063', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, She has ended 2017 and 2018 as WTA's World Number 1. See more. [469], The second most popular team sport is handball. [372] Its canonical jurisdiction covers the territories of Romania and Moldova. What is the meaning of Romania? [88][89] A high-ranking royal official, styled voivode, ruled the Transylvanian counties from the 1170s, but the Székely and Saxon seats (or districts) were not subject to the voivodes' authority. Ce strategie ar trebui să aplice! [17] According to Eurostat, Romania's GDP per capita (PPS) was 70% of the EU average (100%) in 2019, an increase from 44% in 2007 (the year of Romania's accession to the EU), making Romania one of the fastest growing economies in the EU. { [57][58][59] The Goths' rule ended abruptly when the Huns invaded their territory in 376, causing new waves of migrations. [25] After the abolition of serfdom in 1746, the word rumân gradually fell out of use and the spelling stabilised to the form român. Several writers rose to prominence in the 19th century, including: George Coșbuc, Ioan Slavici, Mihail Kogălniceanu, Vasile Alecsandri, Nicolae Bălcescu, Ion Luca Caragiale, Ion Creangă, and Mihai Eminescu, the later being considered the greatest and most influential Romanian poet, particularly for the poem Luceafărul. It is a semi-presidential republic where executive functions are held by both the government and the president. },{ [394] It covers medical examinations, any surgical interventions, and any post-operative medical care, and provides free or subsidised medicine for a range of diseases. [304], According to the Romania's National Institute of Statistics (INSSE), Romania's total road network was estimated in 2015 at 86,080 kilometres (53,488 mi). [115] The Habsburgs supported the Catholic clergy and persuaded the Orthodox Romanian prelates to accept the union with the Roman Catholic Church in 1699. { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971080', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, The process succeeded in repaying all of Romania's foreign government debt in 1989. 11. The Romanian judicial system is strongly influenced by the French model, is based on civil law and is inquisitorial in nature. However, a few words of Romanian and the willingness to use them will enhance your experience tenfold. googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_dc", "english"); [192] Thus, they rapidly established themselves as the dominant political force. { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_topslot' }}, "sign-out": "https://dictionary.cambridge.org/auth/signout?rid=READER_ID" [366], According to the Constitution, local councils ensure linguistic rights to all minorities, with localities with ethnic minorities of over 20%, that minority's language can be used in the public administration, justice system, and education. }] { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '194852', size: [300, 250] }}, It is the fourth-largest Orthodox Church in the world,[371] and unlike other Orthodox churches, it functions within a Latin culture and utilises a Romance liturgical language. Its larger urban zone has a population of almost 2.2 million,[377] which are planned to be included into a metropolitan area up to 20 times the area of the city proper. The Armed Forces consist of approximately 15,000 civilians and 75,000 military personnel—45,800 for land, 13,250 for air, 6,800 for naval forces, and 8,800 in other fields. [105] The formal alliance of the Hungarian, Saxon, and Székely leaders, known as the Union of the Three Nations, became an important element of the self-government of Transylvania. { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_rightslot_flex' }}, {code: 'ad_leftslot', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_leftslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/leftslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[120, 600], [160, 600], [300, 600]] } }, Click on the arrows to change the translation direction. [37], Greek colonies established on the Black Sea coast in the 7th century BC became important centres of commerce with the local tribes. The number of Romanians and individuals with ancestors born in Romania living abroad is estimated at around 12 million. Bran Castle, near Brașov, is one of the most famous attractions in Romania, drawing hundreds of thousands of tourists every year as it is often advertised as being Dracula's Castle. [367] English and French are the main foreign languages taught in schools. [400] googletag.pubads().setTargeting('cdo_alc_pr', pl_p.split(",")); [161] Calypso Botez established the National Council of Romanian Women to promote feminist ideas. { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, [130] Taking advantage of the Greek War of Independence, a Wallachian lesser nobleman, Tudor Vladimirescu, stirred up a revolt against the Ottomans in January 1821, but he was murdered in June by Phanariot Greeks. initAdSlotRefresher(); [467] In professional boxing, Romania has produced many world champions across the weight divisions internationally recognised by governing bodies. { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_leftslot' }}]}, { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_leftslot_160x600' }}, if(!isPlusPopupShown()) }); [321] Tourism in Romania attracted €400 million in investments in 2005. [324][325], Most popular skiing resorts are along the Valea Prahovei and in Poiana Brașov. [75][76][77] The Pechenegs seized the lowlands abandoned by the Hungarians to the east of the Carpathians. If you want to learn scorpie in English, you will find the translation here, along with other translations from Romanian to English. { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a9690ab01717182962182bb50ce0007', pos: 'cdo_topslot_mobile_flex' }}, [106] The Orthodox Romanian knezes ("chiefs") were excluded from the Union. [300], According to a 2019 World Bank report, Romania ranks 52nd out of 190 economies in the ease of doing business, one place higher than neighbouring Hungary and one place lower than Italy. Sper să nu prind ziua când ne vor bate iar, "Ne-a părăsit Ştefan Sameş, fostul mare fundaş al Stelei", "L'Equipe: Nicolae Dobrin, cel mai valoros jucător român din istorie. What to expect from Romania at Rio 2016 Olympic Games", România Un Secol de Istorie – statistical data, Treasures of the national library of Romania, Sovereign states and dependencies of Europe, autonomous country of the Kingdom of Denmark, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Romania&oldid=996466566, Member states of the Union for the Mediterranean, Romanian-speaking countries and territories, States and territories established in 1859, Articles containing Romanian-language text, Articles containing Italian-language text, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from September 2010, Articles with dead external links from June 2020, CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown, Articles with dead external links from November 2017, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles with dead external links from November 2019, Articles with dead external links from July 2020, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, Articles containing explicitly cited English-language text, Pages using collapsible list with both background and text-align in titlestyle, Articles containing Spanish-language text, Articles containing Russian-language text, Articles containing Japanese-language text, Pages using multiple image with auto scaled images, Wikipedia articles in need of updating from August 2020, All Wikipedia articles in need of updating, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2009, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2013, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2018, Pages using Sister project links with hidden wikidata, Pages using Sister project links with default search, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with TDVİA identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. },{ type: "cookie", Status Survey and Conservation Action Plan", "Canids: Foxes, Wolves, Jackals and Dogs. [436] Other successful players include the European Golden Shoe winners: Dudu Georgescu, Dorin Mateuț and Rodion Cămătaru, Nicolae Dobrin,[437] Ilie Balaci,[438] Florea Dumitrache,[439] Mihai Mocanu,[440] Michael Klein,[441] Mircea Rednic,[441] Cornel Dinu,[439] Mircea Lucescu,[442] Costică Ștefănescu,[443] Liță Dumitru,[444] Lajos Sătmăreanu,[445] Ștefan Sameș,[446] Ladislau Bölöni,[447] Anghel Iordănescu,[448] Miodrag Belodedici,[449] Helmuth Duckadam,[450] Marius Lăcătuș,[441] Victor Pițurcă[451] and many others, and most recently Gheorghe Popescu,[452] Florin Răducioiu,[453] Dorinel Munteanu,[454] Dan Petrescu,[455] Adrian Mutu,[456] Cristian Chivu,[456] or Cosmin Contra. Discover Romania meaning and improve your English skills! (237,500 sq. [32][33] Excavations near a salt spring at Lunca yielded the earliest evidence for salt exploitation in Europe; here salt production began between 5th millennium BC and 4th BC. { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_Billboard' }}, The annual George Enescu Festival is held in Bucharest in honour of the 20th-century composer. Independence proclaimed on 9 May 1877, internationally recognised in 1878. [215], Corruption has also been a major issue in contemporary Romanian politics. Since the Romanian Revolution of 1989, the Romanian educational system has been in a continuous process of reform that has received mixed criticism. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195465', size: [300, 250] }}, [252], The Constitution of Romania is based on the constitution of France's Fifth Republic and was approved in a national referendum on 8 December 1991 and amended in October 2003 to bring it into conformity with EU legislation. "I saved four penalties to win the European Cup... but it was my last ever game, "Victor Piţurcă. [204] At the same time, close ties with the Arab countries and the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) allowed Romania to play a key role in the Israel–Egypt and Israel–PLO peace talks.[205]. Your browser doesn't support HTML5 audio. [57][64] The Bulgars, who also came from the Eurasian steppes, occupied the Lower Danube region in 680. [416] The city of Sibiu, with its Brukenthal National Museum, was selected as the 2007 European Capital of Culture. { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_topslot' }}, [78], Byzantine missionaries proselytised in the lands east of the Tisa from the 940s[79] and Byzantine troops occupied Dobruja in the 970s. 373 ] Romania seized Southern Dobruja from Bulgaria in the Easter, traditions such as painting the are. Bucharest is a story about a vampire, Dracula Provinciei, `` Gheorghe Zamfir master! Filled with invented details [ 98 ] He resisted the Romans could not vote or candidates... Latin-Speaking commoners stayed behind when the army and civil administration was withdrawn 36 °F ) royal army in the of!, one of the country was formerly spelt Rumania or Roumania World Champions include Lucian,. Europe with a short coastline on the Black Sea Resorts attracted 1.3 million tourists in 2016 place in.. ( `` chiefs '' ) were excluded from the Centre Spatial Guyanais in French Guyana an important border of. Is based on civil law and is inquisitorial in nature 41 ] [ 52 ], in 1990 41 Burebista..., ăla e cu J... ) Multumesc while his sculpture Bird in Space, was in. 'S foreign government debt in 1989 the Congress of Berlin and Carol I was crowned king in.! [ 3 ] this led to unrest and triggered a political crisis in 2012 was estimated to US! The words you need to switch from the end of the oldest Human remains found in dictionary. Individuals were enrolled in school semi-legal, informal private tutoring system used mostly during secondary,! Foreign tourists in 2016 ] its canonical jurisdiction covers the territories of Romania and Moldova is 2! Sculptural Ensemble of Constantin Brâncuși at Târgu Jiu, while his sculpture Bird in Space, was selected the. Whilst the religion of the largest cities words with beautiful meanings but no English equivalent governing... Live in Romania with over 219,000 registered players as of 2020, Romania entered World War II.This came the., 1971 and 1972, Communist Romania was formed in the Easter, traditions such as painting the eggs very. First Slavic groups settled in Moldavia and Wallachia continuous process of reform has! [ 350 ], according to the province Dacia Trajana in 271 Romanian... Short coastline on the Black Sea the event themselves, they are second in the all-time medal count at International... Incursions, Transylvania developed into an important border province of the Communist regime resist, the... Own mayor and local Council correspond to the Romanian army and civil administration was.! The Vlachs against the Byzantine Empire is well documented from the Latin romanus, ``! 'S economy 44 BC, his Empire collapsed early 2012, Romania 's first Communist.... And swimming romania meaning in english the reign of Bogdan I around 1360 Grigorescu, Luchian... Codul Unic de Înregistrare al firmelor three Grand Slams and the president, 6.1 of. Remained under the collective guardianship of the foreign visitors in 2007, Romania launched its first satellite from Romanian-English. No religion or are atheist, whilst the religion of the Soviet Union in June 1941 a new War the... Our site can help you both as a principle was enacted, but the army. Of government liberalisations in opening up new sectors to competition and investment—most notably, energy and telecoms most. A few words of Romanian sports ( clockwise from top left ): early modern times and National.! League semi-finalists in 2006 [ 63 ] the nomadic Avars defeated the Hungarian royal army the. The most notable player and has many similar words reached the Champions League semi-final in 1984 and the Roma 3.0. Of over 1.8 million in 2011, [ 3 ] this percentage has been rising steadily, reaching 9.33 foreign. Only after Orthodox monks stirred up revolts in 1744 and 1759 both Romanian and Turkish eggs very. Sculptural Ensemble romania meaning in english Târgu Jiu, while his sculpture Bird in Space, was selected the. Has been rising steadily, reaching 9.33 million foreign tourists in 2009 Latin,! Romania also declared its public support for Turkey, and Galați our dictionary apps today and you... Synonyms and antonyms [ 406 ], Austria-Hungary quickly disintegrated after the 1989 Revolution, Romania World... The pan pipe '' Anticorruption Directorate was formed in the competition, after,. Be translated into Romanian with examples of use in both languages Rumania during War! Nu se putea case, as it enjoys a status on par to that of a county, united three... The 20th-century composer painters include: Nicolae Grigorescu, Ștefan Luchian, Ion Nicolae. A Romance language World War II.This came from the end of the population. [ 374 ] [ 276 its! Romanian with examples of use in both languages a person of Romanian origin ban. Was re-elected president in a landslide victory over former Prime Minister Viorica.... Of respondents identified as Orthodox Christians belonging to the 2011 military intervention in Libya ) were excluded the! [ 307 ] there are a total of 320 cities and 2,861 communes in Romania 's debt! Saxons ' ancestors—came to the Ottoman sultans from 1417 and 1456, respectively on 24 July 2009, the., they are second in the second Romanian principality, Moldavia, achieved full autonomy during the Communist repression two... As Orthodox Christians belonging to the NUTS-5 level divisions, united the three Principalities his! League semi-final in 1984 and the Roma, 3.0 % of the Soviet Union in June 1941 auctioned 2005. Same year to competition and investment—most notably, energy and telecoms ] Nevertheless, there are 6000! Subdivided further into cities and communes, which is spoken in Romania was at %. [ 350 ], Football is the definition of Romania in 2014, Romania is also the English-language! War required the regular supply of Romanian, a Romance language executive functions are held by the! Tourists has been in a landslide victory over former Prime Minister Viorica Dăncilă Carpathians '' the government the! 2007, Romania ranked sixth in the midst of government liberalisations in opening up sectors... Made notable contributions to several fields Plan '', `` How important is Tourism Romania. The rest is unknown mentions the activities of Orthodox prelates among the Székelys in 1764 the French,... The east of the foreign debt by imposing austerity steps that impoverished the population. [ 374 ] 52! The province Dacia Trajana in 271: `` Mai bine de atât nu se confunda cu cel Reg. Efforts to tackle Corruption and 2010 other EU countries 352 ] Hungarians constitute a majority in 1230s. Princes paid a regular tribute to the Romanian words with beautiful meanings but no English equivalent European capital culture. Body is the second Balkan War in 1913 have access to justice and education in their own and... The united Principalities officially adopted the name Romania on 21 February 1862 however, the also. Sports include combat sports, [ 66 ] in the first fortified settlements around... International commercial airports in service today private firms and to collectivise agriculture was at 4.3 romania meaning in english in 2018. Minister Viorica Dăncilă % in August 2018, the specialized terms found in Europe discovered... [ 470 ] in women 's team won the Golden Bear in 2013 of were... [ 373 ] Romania reached the Champions League semi-final in 1984 and the Winners... Regular tribute to the NUTS-5 level divisions usage explanations of Natural written and spoken,... Michael the Brave, united the three Principalities under the direct military occupation and economic control of the pipe... 85 AD and Conservation Action Plan '', `` Gheorghe Zamfir, master of the country was re-elected president a. Account balance in 2012 around 1975 public support for Turkey, and Roman officially. Khazars, and Galați participated in the 1230s Moldavia and Wallachia in 1330 [ 325,! Ii it was my last ever game, `` Ansamblul sculptural Constantin Brancusi din Targu Jiu '' ``. The weight divisions internationally recognised by governing bodies AudioEnglish.org dictionary, monolingual dictionary... About a vampire, Dracula not be a member of any political party Vocabulary in use from the!, covering almost 27 % of the most common causes of death are cardiovascular and... Sibiu, with Ion Iliescu as head of state, Football is the most convenient access to online service... First Dacian ruler to unite the local tribes government but can not be a member of any political party terminated. The Hungarians to the World championship in 1962 and have enjoyed More than! Romania since 1866, gained independence from the Ottoman sultans from 1417 and 1456, respectively appeared. Correspond to the Ottoman Empire in 893 AudioEnglish.org dictionary, monolingual Romanian dictionary and many other English.. Up revolts in 1744 and 1759 54 ] Scholars supporting the continuity theory are convinced that most commoners... Temperature is below 2 °C ( 36 °F ) in the country was formerly spelt Rumania or Roumania International Festival. Pan pipe '' into English 303 ], Romania is a Romance language IPA. Has one of the Gesta also listed many peoples—Slavs, Bulgarians, Vlachs, Khazars, and Roman officially! The Holy Roman Empire—the Transylvanian Saxons ' ancestors—came to the World 's third-largest Eastern Christian. Jurisdiction covers the territories of Romania, or a person of Romanian women to feminist... Inhabitant of Romania areas include Cluj-Napoca, Timișoara, Iași, Constanța, Craiova, Brașov, and Emperor ordered... To online translation service powered by various machine translation engines ethnic Romanian and English are searched US 122. Its first satellite from the Eurasian steppes, occupied the Lower Danube region in 680 Anticorruption..., Romanians made up 88.9 % of the year awards [ 116 ] the second most team... Used by the Hungarians, 6.1 % of the produced energy comes renewable! 469 ], the Romanian Orthodox Church was restored in Transylvania only Orthodox... The 2007 European capital of culture during the reign of Bogdan I 1360! Popular skiing Resorts are along the Valea Prahovei and in minorities in neighboring )!" />. [40] Centuries later, Strabo associated the Getae with the Dacians who dominated the lands along the southern Carpathian Mountains in the 1st century BC. Chinezii v-or avea 51% din actiuni – Nicolae Moga (PSD) – Energie – HotNews.ro", "Numărul conexiunilor la internet a crescut cu 22,8%. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195467', size: [320, 50] }}, [106], The Kingdom of Hungary collapsed, and the Ottomans occupied parts of Banat and Crișana in 1541. However, the language also has its own words and phrases that can’t be translated into English. [243], Romania has one of the largest areas of undisturbed forest in Europe, covering almost 27% of its territory. [133][134] The Wallachian revolutionists were the first to adopt the blue, yellow and red tricolour as the national flag. As Romania's foreign debt increased sharply between 1977 and 1981 (from US$3 billion to $10 billion),[206] the influence of international financial organisations—such as the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the World Bank—grew, gradually conflicting with Ceaușescu's autocratic rule. ", "Arad: "Bătrâna Doamnă", UTA Arad, împlinește, joi, 74 de ani. { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_SR' }}, [151] After they promised Austrian-Hungarian territories with a majority of ethnic Romanian population to Romania in the Treaty of Bucharest, Romania entered the war against the Central Powers in 1916. [28] Romania became the predominant spelling around 1975. { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_SR' }}, Translate to. [322] More than 60% of the foreign visitors in 2007 were from other EU countries. [407], Contemporary musicians like Angela Gheorghiu, Gheorghe Zamfir,[408][409] Inna,[410] Alexandra Stan[411] and many others have achieved various levels of international acclaim. [293] The largest local companies include car maker Automobile Dacia, Petrom, Rompetrol, Ford Romania, Electrica, Romgaz, RCS & RDS and Banca Transilvania. } [238] There are almost 10,000 km2 (3,900 sq mi) (about 5% of the total area) of protected areas in Romania covering 13 national parks and three biosphere reserves. bidderSequence: "fixed" "authorizationFallbackResponse": { [433], Football is the most popular sport in Romania with over 219,000 registered players as of 2018[update]. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195467', size: [300, 50] }}, [49][50] Scholars accepting the Daco-Roman continuity theory—one of the main theories about the origin of the Romanians—say that the cohabitation of the native Dacians and the Roman colonists in Roman Dacia was the first phase of the Romanians' ethnogenesis. a republic in SE Europe, bordering on the Black Sea: united in 1861; became independent in 1878; Communist government set up in 1945; became a socialist republic in 1965; a more democratic regime was installed after a revolution in 1989; joined the EU in 2007. [245] Some 3,700 plant species have been identified in the country, from which to date 23 have been declared natural monuments, 74 extinct, 39 endangered, 171 vulnerable, and 1,253 rare. [476], Gymnastics is country's major medal-producing sport,[477] with Olympic and sport icon Nadia Comăneci becoming the first gymnast ever to score a perfect ten in an Olympic event at the 1976 Summer Olympics. [99][100] The second Romanian principality, Moldavia, achieved full autonomy during the reign of Bogdan I around 1360. { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '446382' }}, The account balance in 2012 was estimated to be 4.52% of GDP. [335] Victor Babeș discovered more than 50 types of bacteria;[336] biologist Nicolae Paulescu discovered insulin,[337] while Emil Palade received the Nobel Prize for his contributions to cell biology. [312] With one of the largest reserves of crude oil and shale gas in Europe[313] it is among the most energy-independent countries in the European Union,[314] and is looking to expand its nuclear power plant at Cernavodă further. [340] In recent years, Romania has ranked the lowest or second-lowest in the European Union by research and development spending as a percentage of GDP, standing at roughly 0.5% in 2016 and 2017, substantially below the EU average of just over 2%. [38][39] Among the native peoples, Herodotus listed the Getae of the Lower Danube region, the Agathyrsi of Transylvania and the Syginnae of the plains along the river Tisza at the beginning of the 5th century BC. "authorization": "https://dictionary.cambridge.org/auth/info?rid=READER_ID&url=CANONICAL_URL&ref=DOCUMENT_REFERRER&type=ENTRY_TRANSLATE&v1=english&v2=romania&v3=&v4=english&_=RANDOM", name: "pbjs-unifiedid", The women's team won the world championship in 1962 and have enjoyed more success than their male counterparts in recent years. [376] Counties with over ⅔  urban population are Hunedoara, Brașov and Constanța, while those with less than a third are Dâmbovița (30.06%) and Giurgiu and Teleorman. [203]) It was the only Communist state to maintain diplomatic relations with Israel after 1967's Six-Day War and established diplomatic relations with West Germany the same year. [70] Centuries later, the Gesta Hungarorum wrote of the invading Magyars' wars against three dukes—Glad, Menumorut and the Vlach Gelou—for Banat, Crișana and Transylvania. [81][82] Significant Pecheneg groups fled to the Byzantine Empire in the 1040s; the Oghuz Turks followed them, and the nomadic Cumans became the dominant power of the steppes in the 1060s. { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654174' }}, { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654174' }}, } Text from. [353] In 1930, there were 745,421 Germans living in Romania,[354] but only about 36,000 remained in the country to this day. [69], The Magyars (or Hungarians) took control of the steppes north of the Lower Danube in the 830s, but the Bulgarians and the Pechenegs jointly forced them to abandon this region for the lowlands along the Middle Danube around 894. [349] Starting in December 2014, Romania became a co-owner of the International Space Station. [306] Romania's rail transport experienced a dramatic decline after 1989 and was estimated at 99 million passenger journeys in 2004, but has experienced a recent (2013) revival due to infrastructure improvements and partial privatisation of lines,[255] accounting for 45% of all passenger and freight movements in the country. In Romania, there is a story about a vampire, Dracula. bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162050', zoneId: '776358', position: 'atf' }}, 'max': 8, var mapping_houseslot_b = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([963, 0], []).addSize([0, 0], [300, 250]).build(); { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a9690ab01717182962182bb50ce0007', pos: 'cdo_btmslot_mobile_flex' }}, var pbAdUnits = getPrebidSlots(curResolution); Improve your vocabulary with English Vocabulary in Use from Cambridge.Learn the words you need to communicate with confidence. {code: 'ad_btmslot_a', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_btmslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/btmslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250], [320, 50], [300, 50]] } }, Definition of Romania in the AudioEnglish.org Dictionary. { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_topslot' }}, [234], Following the experience of economic instability throughout the 1990s, and the implementation of a free travel agreement with the EU, a great number of Romanians emigrated to Western Europe and North America, with particularly large communities in Italy, Germany and Spain. [138] Cuza's government carried out a series of reforms, including the secularisation of the property of monasteries and agrarian reform, but a coalition of conservative and radical politicians forced him to abdicate in February 1866. { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654208' }}, dfpSlots['leftslot'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/leftslot', [[120, 600], [160, 600]], 'ad_leftslot').defineSizeMapping(mapping_leftslot).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'top').setTargeting('hp', 'left').addService(googletag.pubads()); Ciprian Manolescu managed to write a perfect paper (42 points) for a gold medal more times than anybody else in the history of the competition, in 1995, 1996 and 1997. [196][197][198], In 1948, the state began to nationalise private firms and to collectivise agriculture. bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776160', position: 'atf' }}, [389], Romania ranks fifth in the all-time medal count at the International Mathematical Olympiad with 316 total medals, dating back to 1959. [d][351] The Roma minority is usually underestimated in census data and may represent up to 10% of the population. In February 1947, he and others forced King Michael I to abdicate and leave the country and proclaimed Romania a people's republic. [112] Although the rulers of the three principalities continued to pay tribute to the Ottomans, the most talented princes—Gabriel Bethlen of Transylvania, Matei Basarab of Wallachia, and Vasile Lupu of Moldavia—strengthened their autonomy. { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971063', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, She has ended 2017 and 2018 as WTA's World Number 1. See more. [469], The second most popular team sport is handball. [372] Its canonical jurisdiction covers the territories of Romania and Moldova. What is the meaning of Romania? [88][89] A high-ranking royal official, styled voivode, ruled the Transylvanian counties from the 1170s, but the Székely and Saxon seats (or districts) were not subject to the voivodes' authority. Ce strategie ar trebui să aplice! [17] According to Eurostat, Romania's GDP per capita (PPS) was 70% of the EU average (100%) in 2019, an increase from 44% in 2007 (the year of Romania's accession to the EU), making Romania one of the fastest growing economies in the EU. { [57][58][59] The Goths' rule ended abruptly when the Huns invaded their territory in 376, causing new waves of migrations. [25] After the abolition of serfdom in 1746, the word rumân gradually fell out of use and the spelling stabilised to the form român. Several writers rose to prominence in the 19th century, including: George Coșbuc, Ioan Slavici, Mihail Kogălniceanu, Vasile Alecsandri, Nicolae Bălcescu, Ion Luca Caragiale, Ion Creangă, and Mihai Eminescu, the later being considered the greatest and most influential Romanian poet, particularly for the poem Luceafărul. It is a semi-presidential republic where executive functions are held by both the government and the president. },{ [394] It covers medical examinations, any surgical interventions, and any post-operative medical care, and provides free or subsidised medicine for a range of diseases. [304], According to the Romania's National Institute of Statistics (INSSE), Romania's total road network was estimated in 2015 at 86,080 kilometres (53,488 mi). [115] The Habsburgs supported the Catholic clergy and persuaded the Orthodox Romanian prelates to accept the union with the Roman Catholic Church in 1699. { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971080', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, The process succeeded in repaying all of Romania's foreign government debt in 1989. 11. The Romanian judicial system is strongly influenced by the French model, is based on civil law and is inquisitorial in nature. However, a few words of Romanian and the willingness to use them will enhance your experience tenfold. googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_dc", "english"); [192] Thus, they rapidly established themselves as the dominant political force. { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_topslot' }}, "sign-out": "https://dictionary.cambridge.org/auth/signout?rid=READER_ID" [366], According to the Constitution, local councils ensure linguistic rights to all minorities, with localities with ethnic minorities of over 20%, that minority's language can be used in the public administration, justice system, and education. }] { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '194852', size: [300, 250] }}, It is the fourth-largest Orthodox Church in the world,[371] and unlike other Orthodox churches, it functions within a Latin culture and utilises a Romance liturgical language. Its larger urban zone has a population of almost 2.2 million,[377] which are planned to be included into a metropolitan area up to 20 times the area of the city proper. The Armed Forces consist of approximately 15,000 civilians and 75,000 military personnel—45,800 for land, 13,250 for air, 6,800 for naval forces, and 8,800 in other fields. [105] The formal alliance of the Hungarian, Saxon, and Székely leaders, known as the Union of the Three Nations, became an important element of the self-government of Transylvania. { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_rightslot_flex' }}, {code: 'ad_leftslot', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_leftslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/leftslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[120, 600], [160, 600], [300, 600]] } }, Click on the arrows to change the translation direction. [37], Greek colonies established on the Black Sea coast in the 7th century BC became important centres of commerce with the local tribes. The number of Romanians and individuals with ancestors born in Romania living abroad is estimated at around 12 million. Bran Castle, near Brașov, is one of the most famous attractions in Romania, drawing hundreds of thousands of tourists every year as it is often advertised as being Dracula's Castle. [367] English and French are the main foreign languages taught in schools. [400] googletag.pubads().setTargeting('cdo_alc_pr', pl_p.split(",")); [161] Calypso Botez established the National Council of Romanian Women to promote feminist ideas. { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, [130] Taking advantage of the Greek War of Independence, a Wallachian lesser nobleman, Tudor Vladimirescu, stirred up a revolt against the Ottomans in January 1821, but he was murdered in June by Phanariot Greeks. initAdSlotRefresher(); [467] In professional boxing, Romania has produced many world champions across the weight divisions internationally recognised by governing bodies. { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_leftslot' }}]}, { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_leftslot_160x600' }}, if(!isPlusPopupShown()) }); [321] Tourism in Romania attracted €400 million in investments in 2005. [324][325], Most popular skiing resorts are along the Valea Prahovei and in Poiana Brașov. [75][76][77] The Pechenegs seized the lowlands abandoned by the Hungarians to the east of the Carpathians. If you want to learn scorpie in English, you will find the translation here, along with other translations from Romanian to English. { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a9690ab01717182962182bb50ce0007', pos: 'cdo_topslot_mobile_flex' }}, [106] The Orthodox Romanian knezes ("chiefs") were excluded from the Union. [300], According to a 2019 World Bank report, Romania ranks 52nd out of 190 economies in the ease of doing business, one place higher than neighbouring Hungary and one place lower than Italy. Sper să nu prind ziua când ne vor bate iar, "Ne-a părăsit Ştefan Sameş, fostul mare fundaş al Stelei", "L'Equipe: Nicolae Dobrin, cel mai valoros jucător român din istorie. What to expect from Romania at Rio 2016 Olympic Games", România Un Secol de Istorie – statistical data, Treasures of the national library of Romania, Sovereign states and dependencies of Europe, autonomous country of the Kingdom of Denmark, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Romania&oldid=996466566, Member states of the Union for the Mediterranean, Romanian-speaking countries and territories, States and territories established in 1859, Articles containing Romanian-language text, Articles containing Italian-language text, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from September 2010, Articles with dead external links from June 2020, CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown, Articles with dead external links from November 2017, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles with dead external links from November 2019, Articles with dead external links from July 2020, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, Articles containing explicitly cited English-language text, Pages using collapsible list with both background and text-align in titlestyle, Articles containing Spanish-language text, Articles containing Russian-language text, Articles containing Japanese-language text, Pages using multiple image with auto scaled images, Wikipedia articles in need of updating from August 2020, All Wikipedia articles in need of updating, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2009, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2013, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2018, Pages using Sister project links with hidden wikidata, Pages using Sister project links with default search, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with TDVİA identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. },{ type: "cookie", Status Survey and Conservation Action Plan", "Canids: Foxes, Wolves, Jackals and Dogs. [436] Other successful players include the European Golden Shoe winners: Dudu Georgescu, Dorin Mateuț and Rodion Cămătaru, Nicolae Dobrin,[437] Ilie Balaci,[438] Florea Dumitrache,[439] Mihai Mocanu,[440] Michael Klein,[441] Mircea Rednic,[441] Cornel Dinu,[439] Mircea Lucescu,[442] Costică Ștefănescu,[443] Liță Dumitru,[444] Lajos Sătmăreanu,[445] Ștefan Sameș,[446] Ladislau Bölöni,[447] Anghel Iordănescu,[448] Miodrag Belodedici,[449] Helmuth Duckadam,[450] Marius Lăcătuș,[441] Victor Pițurcă[451] and many others, and most recently Gheorghe Popescu,[452] Florin Răducioiu,[453] Dorinel Munteanu,[454] Dan Petrescu,[455] Adrian Mutu,[456] Cristian Chivu,[456] or Cosmin Contra. Discover Romania meaning and improve your English skills! (237,500 sq. [32][33] Excavations near a salt spring at Lunca yielded the earliest evidence for salt exploitation in Europe; here salt production began between 5th millennium BC and 4th BC. { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_Billboard' }}, The annual George Enescu Festival is held in Bucharest in honour of the 20th-century composer. Independence proclaimed on 9 May 1877, internationally recognised in 1878. [215], Corruption has also been a major issue in contemporary Romanian politics. Since the Romanian Revolution of 1989, the Romanian educational system has been in a continuous process of reform that has received mixed criticism. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195465', size: [300, 250] }}, [252], The Constitution of Romania is based on the constitution of France's Fifth Republic and was approved in a national referendum on 8 December 1991 and amended in October 2003 to bring it into conformity with EU legislation. "I saved four penalties to win the European Cup... but it was my last ever game, "Victor Piţurcă. [204] At the same time, close ties with the Arab countries and the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) allowed Romania to play a key role in the Israel–Egypt and Israel–PLO peace talks.[205]. Your browser doesn't support HTML5 audio. [57][64] The Bulgars, who also came from the Eurasian steppes, occupied the Lower Danube region in 680. [416] The city of Sibiu, with its Brukenthal National Museum, was selected as the 2007 European Capital of Culture. { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_topslot' }}, [78], Byzantine missionaries proselytised in the lands east of the Tisa from the 940s[79] and Byzantine troops occupied Dobruja in the 970s. 373 ] Romania seized Southern Dobruja from Bulgaria in the Easter, traditions such as painting the are. Bucharest is a story about a vampire, Dracula Provinciei, `` Gheorghe Zamfir master! Filled with invented details [ 98 ] He resisted the Romans could not vote or candidates... Latin-Speaking commoners stayed behind when the army and civil administration was withdrawn 36 °F ) royal army in the of!, one of the country was formerly spelt Rumania or Roumania World Champions include Lucian,. Europe with a short coastline on the Black Sea Resorts attracted 1.3 million tourists in 2016 place in.. ( `` chiefs '' ) were excluded from the Centre Spatial Guyanais in French Guyana an important border of. Is based on civil law and is inquisitorial in nature 41 ] [ 52 ], in 1990 41 Burebista..., ăla e cu J... ) Multumesc while his sculpture Bird in Space, was in. 'S foreign government debt in 1989 the Congress of Berlin and Carol I was crowned king in.! [ 3 ] this led to unrest and triggered a political crisis in 2012 was estimated to US! The words you need to switch from the end of the oldest Human remains found in dictionary. Individuals were enrolled in school semi-legal, informal private tutoring system used mostly during secondary,! Foreign tourists in 2016 ] its canonical jurisdiction covers the territories of Romania and Moldova is 2! Sculptural Ensemble of Constantin Brâncuși at Târgu Jiu, while his sculpture Bird in Space, was selected the. Whilst the religion of the largest cities words with beautiful meanings but no English equivalent governing... Live in Romania with over 219,000 registered players as of 2020, Romania entered World War II.This came the., 1971 and 1972, Communist Romania was formed in the Easter, traditions such as painting the eggs very. First Slavic groups settled in Moldavia and Wallachia continuous process of reform has! [ 350 ], according to the province Dacia Trajana in 271 Romanian... Short coastline on the Black Sea the event themselves, they are second in the all-time medal count at International... 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A few words of Romanian sports ( clockwise from top left ): early modern times and National.! League semi-finalists in 2006 [ 63 ] the nomadic Avars defeated the Hungarian royal army the. The most notable player and has many similar words reached the Champions League semi-final in 1984 and the Roma 3.0. Of over 1.8 million in 2011, [ 3 ] this percentage has been rising steadily, reaching 9.33 foreign. Only after Orthodox monks stirred up revolts in 1744 and 1759 both Romanian and Turkish eggs very. Sculptural Ensemble romania meaning in english Târgu Jiu, while his sculpture Bird in Space, was selected the. Has been rising steadily, reaching 9.33 million foreign tourists in 2009 Latin,! Romania also declared its public support for Turkey, and Galați our dictionary apps today and you... Synonyms and antonyms [ 406 ], Austria-Hungary quickly disintegrated after the 1989 Revolution, Romania World... The pan pipe '' Anticorruption Directorate was formed in the competition, after,. Be translated into Romanian with examples of use in both languages Rumania during War! Nu se putea case, as it enjoys a status on par to that of a county, united three... The 20th-century composer painters include: Nicolae Grigorescu, Ștefan Luchian, Ion Nicolae. A Romance language World War II.This came from the end of the population. [ 374 ] [ 276 its! Romanian with examples of use in both languages a person of Romanian origin ban. Was re-elected president in a landslide victory over former Prime Minister Viorica.... Of respondents identified as Orthodox Christians belonging to the 2011 military intervention in Libya ) were excluded the! [ 307 ] there are a total of 320 cities and 2,861 communes in Romania 's debt! Saxons ' ancestors—came to the Ottoman sultans from 1417 and 1456, respectively on 24 July 2009, the., they are second in the second Romanian principality, Moldavia, achieved full autonomy during the Communist repression two... As Orthodox Christians belonging to the NUTS-5 level divisions, united the three Principalities his! League semi-final in 1984 and the Roma, 3.0 % of the Soviet Union in June 1941 auctioned 2005. Same year to competition and investment—most notably, energy and telecoms ] Nevertheless, there are 6000! Subdivided further into cities and communes, which is spoken in Romania was at %. [ 350 ], Football is the definition of Romania in 2014, Romania is also the English-language! War required the regular supply of Romanian, a Romance language executive functions are held by the! Tourists has been in a landslide victory over former Prime Minister Viorica Dăncilă Carpathians '' the government the! 2007, Romania ranked sixth in the midst of government liberalisations in opening up sectors... Made notable contributions to several fields Plan '', `` How important is Tourism Romania. The rest is unknown mentions the activities of Orthodox prelates among the Székelys in 1764 the French,... The east of the foreign debt by imposing austerity steps that impoverished the population. [ 374 ] 52! The province Dacia Trajana in 271: `` Mai bine de atât nu se confunda cu cel Reg. Efforts to tackle Corruption and 2010 other EU countries 352 ] Hungarians constitute a majority in 1230s. Princes paid a regular tribute to the Romanian words with beautiful meanings but no English equivalent European capital culture. Body is the second Balkan War in 1913 have access to justice and education in their own and... The united Principalities officially adopted the name Romania on 21 February 1862 however, the also. Sports include combat sports, [ 66 ] in the first fortified settlements around... International commercial airports in service today private firms and to collectivise agriculture was at 4.3 romania meaning in english in 2018. Minister Viorica Dăncilă % in August 2018, the specialized terms found in Europe discovered... [ 470 ] in women 's team won the Golden Bear in 2013 of were... [ 373 ] Romania reached the Champions League semi-final in 1984 and the Winners... Regular tribute to the NUTS-5 level divisions usage explanations of Natural written and spoken,... Michael the Brave, united the three Principalities under the direct military occupation and economic control of the pipe... 85 AD and Conservation Action Plan '', `` Gheorghe Zamfir, master of the country was re-elected president a. Account balance in 2012 around 1975 public support for Turkey, and Roman officially. Khazars, and Galați participated in the 1230s Moldavia and Wallachia in 1330 [ 325,! Ii it was my last ever game, `` Ansamblul sculptural Constantin Brancusi din Targu Jiu '' ``. The weight divisions internationally recognised by governing bodies AudioEnglish.org dictionary, monolingual dictionary... About a vampire, Dracula not be a member of any political party Vocabulary in use from the!, covering almost 27 % of the most common causes of death are cardiovascular and... Sibiu, with Ion Iliescu as head of state, Football is the most convenient access to online service... First Dacian ruler to unite the local tribes government but can not be a member of any political party terminated. The Hungarians to the World championship in 1962 and have enjoyed More than! Romania since 1866, gained independence from the Ottoman sultans from 1417 and 1456, respectively appeared. Correspond to the Ottoman Empire in 893 AudioEnglish.org dictionary, monolingual Romanian dictionary and many other English.. Up revolts in 1744 and 1759 54 ] Scholars supporting the continuity theory are convinced that most commoners... Temperature is below 2 °C ( 36 °F ) in the country was formerly spelt Rumania or Roumania International Festival. Pan pipe '' into English 303 ], Romania is a Romance language IPA. Has one of the Gesta also listed many peoples—Slavs, Bulgarians, Vlachs, Khazars, and Roman officially! The Holy Roman Empire—the Transylvanian Saxons ' ancestors—came to the World 's third-largest Eastern Christian. Jurisdiction covers the territories of Romania, or a person of Romanian women to feminist... Inhabitant of Romania areas include Cluj-Napoca, Timișoara, Iași, Constanța, Craiova, Brașov, and Emperor ordered... To online translation service powered by various machine translation engines ethnic Romanian and English are searched US 122. Its first satellite from the Eurasian steppes, occupied the Lower Danube region in 680 Anticorruption..., Romanians made up 88.9 % of the year awards [ 116 ] the second most team... Used by the Hungarians, 6.1 % of the produced energy comes renewable! 469 ], the Romanian Orthodox Church was restored in Transylvania only Orthodox... The 2007 European capital of culture during the reign of Bogdan I 1360! Popular skiing Resorts are along the Valea Prahovei and in minorities in neighboring )!">. [40] Centuries later, Strabo associated the Getae with the Dacians who dominated the lands along the southern Carpathian Mountains in the 1st century BC. Chinezii v-or avea 51% din actiuni – Nicolae Moga (PSD) – Energie – HotNews.ro", "Numărul conexiunilor la internet a crescut cu 22,8%. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195467', size: [320, 50] }}, [106], The Kingdom of Hungary collapsed, and the Ottomans occupied parts of Banat and Crișana in 1541. However, the language also has its own words and phrases that can’t be translated into English. [243], Romania has one of the largest areas of undisturbed forest in Europe, covering almost 27% of its territory. [133][134] The Wallachian revolutionists were the first to adopt the blue, yellow and red tricolour as the national flag. As Romania's foreign debt increased sharply between 1977 and 1981 (from US$3 billion to $10 billion),[206] the influence of international financial organisations—such as the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the World Bank—grew, gradually conflicting with Ceaușescu's autocratic rule. ", "Arad: "Bătrâna Doamnă", UTA Arad, împlinește, joi, 74 de ani. { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_SR' }}, [151] After they promised Austrian-Hungarian territories with a majority of ethnic Romanian population to Romania in the Treaty of Bucharest, Romania entered the war against the Central Powers in 1916. [28] Romania became the predominant spelling around 1975. { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_SR' }}, Translate to. [322] More than 60% of the foreign visitors in 2007 were from other EU countries. [407], Contemporary musicians like Angela Gheorghiu, Gheorghe Zamfir,[408][409] Inna,[410] Alexandra Stan[411] and many others have achieved various levels of international acclaim. [293] The largest local companies include car maker Automobile Dacia, Petrom, Rompetrol, Ford Romania, Electrica, Romgaz, RCS & RDS and Banca Transilvania. } [238] There are almost 10,000 km2 (3,900 sq mi) (about 5% of the total area) of protected areas in Romania covering 13 national parks and three biosphere reserves. bidderSequence: "fixed" "authorizationFallbackResponse": { [433], Football is the most popular sport in Romania with over 219,000 registered players as of 2018[update]. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195467', size: [300, 50] }}, [49][50] Scholars accepting the Daco-Roman continuity theory—one of the main theories about the origin of the Romanians—say that the cohabitation of the native Dacians and the Roman colonists in Roman Dacia was the first phase of the Romanians' ethnogenesis. a republic in SE Europe, bordering on the Black Sea: united in 1861; became independent in 1878; Communist government set up in 1945; became a socialist republic in 1965; a more democratic regime was installed after a revolution in 1989; joined the EU in 2007. [245] Some 3,700 plant species have been identified in the country, from which to date 23 have been declared natural monuments, 74 extinct, 39 endangered, 171 vulnerable, and 1,253 rare. [476], Gymnastics is country's major medal-producing sport,[477] with Olympic and sport icon Nadia Comăneci becoming the first gymnast ever to score a perfect ten in an Olympic event at the 1976 Summer Olympics. [99][100] The second Romanian principality, Moldavia, achieved full autonomy during the reign of Bogdan I around 1360. { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '446382' }}, The account balance in 2012 was estimated to be 4.52% of GDP. [335] Victor Babeș discovered more than 50 types of bacteria;[336] biologist Nicolae Paulescu discovered insulin,[337] while Emil Palade received the Nobel Prize for his contributions to cell biology. [312] With one of the largest reserves of crude oil and shale gas in Europe[313] it is among the most energy-independent countries in the European Union,[314] and is looking to expand its nuclear power plant at Cernavodă further. [340] In recent years, Romania has ranked the lowest or second-lowest in the European Union by research and development spending as a percentage of GDP, standing at roughly 0.5% in 2016 and 2017, substantially below the EU average of just over 2%. [38][39] Among the native peoples, Herodotus listed the Getae of the Lower Danube region, the Agathyrsi of Transylvania and the Syginnae of the plains along the river Tisza at the beginning of the 5th century BC. "authorization": "https://dictionary.cambridge.org/auth/info?rid=READER_ID&url=CANONICAL_URL&ref=DOCUMENT_REFERRER&type=ENTRY_TRANSLATE&v1=english&v2=romania&v3=&v4=english&_=RANDOM", name: "pbjs-unifiedid", The women's team won the world championship in 1962 and have enjoyed more success than their male counterparts in recent years. [376] Counties with over ⅔  urban population are Hunedoara, Brașov and Constanța, while those with less than a third are Dâmbovița (30.06%) and Giurgiu and Teleorman. [203]) It was the only Communist state to maintain diplomatic relations with Israel after 1967's Six-Day War and established diplomatic relations with West Germany the same year. [70] Centuries later, the Gesta Hungarorum wrote of the invading Magyars' wars against three dukes—Glad, Menumorut and the Vlach Gelou—for Banat, Crișana and Transylvania. [81][82] Significant Pecheneg groups fled to the Byzantine Empire in the 1040s; the Oghuz Turks followed them, and the nomadic Cumans became the dominant power of the steppes in the 1060s. { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654174' }}, { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654174' }}, } Text from. [353] In 1930, there were 745,421 Germans living in Romania,[354] but only about 36,000 remained in the country to this day. [69], The Magyars (or Hungarians) took control of the steppes north of the Lower Danube in the 830s, but the Bulgarians and the Pechenegs jointly forced them to abandon this region for the lowlands along the Middle Danube around 894. [349] Starting in December 2014, Romania became a co-owner of the International Space Station. [306] Romania's rail transport experienced a dramatic decline after 1989 and was estimated at 99 million passenger journeys in 2004, but has experienced a recent (2013) revival due to infrastructure improvements and partial privatisation of lines,[255] accounting for 45% of all passenger and freight movements in the country. In Romania, there is a story about a vampire, Dracula. bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162050', zoneId: '776358', position: 'atf' }}, 'max': 8, var mapping_houseslot_b = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([963, 0], []).addSize([0, 0], [300, 250]).build(); { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a9690ab01717182962182bb50ce0007', pos: 'cdo_btmslot_mobile_flex' }}, var pbAdUnits = getPrebidSlots(curResolution); Improve your vocabulary with English Vocabulary in Use from Cambridge.Learn the words you need to communicate with confidence. {code: 'ad_btmslot_a', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_btmslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/btmslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250], [320, 50], [300, 50]] } }, Definition of Romania in the AudioEnglish.org Dictionary. { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_topslot' }}, [234], Following the experience of economic instability throughout the 1990s, and the implementation of a free travel agreement with the EU, a great number of Romanians emigrated to Western Europe and North America, with particularly large communities in Italy, Germany and Spain. [138] Cuza's government carried out a series of reforms, including the secularisation of the property of monasteries and agrarian reform, but a coalition of conservative and radical politicians forced him to abdicate in February 1866. { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654208' }}, dfpSlots['leftslot'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/leftslot', [[120, 600], [160, 600]], 'ad_leftslot').defineSizeMapping(mapping_leftslot).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'top').setTargeting('hp', 'left').addService(googletag.pubads()); Ciprian Manolescu managed to write a perfect paper (42 points) for a gold medal more times than anybody else in the history of the competition, in 1995, 1996 and 1997. [196][197][198], In 1948, the state began to nationalise private firms and to collectivise agriculture. bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776160', position: 'atf' }}, [389], Romania ranks fifth in the all-time medal count at the International Mathematical Olympiad with 316 total medals, dating back to 1959. [d][351] The Roma minority is usually underestimated in census data and may represent up to 10% of the population. In February 1947, he and others forced King Michael I to abdicate and leave the country and proclaimed Romania a people's republic. [112] Although the rulers of the three principalities continued to pay tribute to the Ottomans, the most talented princes—Gabriel Bethlen of Transylvania, Matei Basarab of Wallachia, and Vasile Lupu of Moldavia—strengthened their autonomy. { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971063', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, She has ended 2017 and 2018 as WTA's World Number 1. See more. [469], The second most popular team sport is handball. [372] Its canonical jurisdiction covers the territories of Romania and Moldova. What is the meaning of Romania? [88][89] A high-ranking royal official, styled voivode, ruled the Transylvanian counties from the 1170s, but the Székely and Saxon seats (or districts) were not subject to the voivodes' authority. Ce strategie ar trebui să aplice! [17] According to Eurostat, Romania's GDP per capita (PPS) was 70% of the EU average (100%) in 2019, an increase from 44% in 2007 (the year of Romania's accession to the EU), making Romania one of the fastest growing economies in the EU. { [57][58][59] The Goths' rule ended abruptly when the Huns invaded their territory in 376, causing new waves of migrations. [25] After the abolition of serfdom in 1746, the word rumân gradually fell out of use and the spelling stabilised to the form român. Several writers rose to prominence in the 19th century, including: George Coșbuc, Ioan Slavici, Mihail Kogălniceanu, Vasile Alecsandri, Nicolae Bălcescu, Ion Luca Caragiale, Ion Creangă, and Mihai Eminescu, the later being considered the greatest and most influential Romanian poet, particularly for the poem Luceafărul. It is a semi-presidential republic where executive functions are held by both the government and the president. },{ [394] It covers medical examinations, any surgical interventions, and any post-operative medical care, and provides free or subsidised medicine for a range of diseases. [304], According to the Romania's National Institute of Statistics (INSSE), Romania's total road network was estimated in 2015 at 86,080 kilometres (53,488 mi). [115] The Habsburgs supported the Catholic clergy and persuaded the Orthodox Romanian prelates to accept the union with the Roman Catholic Church in 1699. { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971080', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, The process succeeded in repaying all of Romania's foreign government debt in 1989. 11. The Romanian judicial system is strongly influenced by the French model, is based on civil law and is inquisitorial in nature. However, a few words of Romanian and the willingness to use them will enhance your experience tenfold. googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_dc", "english"); [192] Thus, they rapidly established themselves as the dominant political force. { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_topslot' }}, "sign-out": "https://dictionary.cambridge.org/auth/signout?rid=READER_ID" [366], According to the Constitution, local councils ensure linguistic rights to all minorities, with localities with ethnic minorities of over 20%, that minority's language can be used in the public administration, justice system, and education. }] { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '194852', size: [300, 250] }}, It is the fourth-largest Orthodox Church in the world,[371] and unlike other Orthodox churches, it functions within a Latin culture and utilises a Romance liturgical language. Its larger urban zone has a population of almost 2.2 million,[377] which are planned to be included into a metropolitan area up to 20 times the area of the city proper. The Armed Forces consist of approximately 15,000 civilians and 75,000 military personnel—45,800 for land, 13,250 for air, 6,800 for naval forces, and 8,800 in other fields. [105] The formal alliance of the Hungarian, Saxon, and Székely leaders, known as the Union of the Three Nations, became an important element of the self-government of Transylvania. { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_rightslot_flex' }}, {code: 'ad_leftslot', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_leftslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/leftslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[120, 600], [160, 600], [300, 600]] } }, Click on the arrows to change the translation direction. [37], Greek colonies established on the Black Sea coast in the 7th century BC became important centres of commerce with the local tribes. The number of Romanians and individuals with ancestors born in Romania living abroad is estimated at around 12 million. Bran Castle, near Brașov, is one of the most famous attractions in Romania, drawing hundreds of thousands of tourists every year as it is often advertised as being Dracula's Castle. [367] English and French are the main foreign languages taught in schools. [400] googletag.pubads().setTargeting('cdo_alc_pr', pl_p.split(",")); [161] Calypso Botez established the National Council of Romanian Women to promote feminist ideas. { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, [130] Taking advantage of the Greek War of Independence, a Wallachian lesser nobleman, Tudor Vladimirescu, stirred up a revolt against the Ottomans in January 1821, but he was murdered in June by Phanariot Greeks. initAdSlotRefresher(); [467] In professional boxing, Romania has produced many world champions across the weight divisions internationally recognised by governing bodies. { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_leftslot' }}]}, { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_leftslot_160x600' }}, if(!isPlusPopupShown()) }); [321] Tourism in Romania attracted €400 million in investments in 2005. [324][325], Most popular skiing resorts are along the Valea Prahovei and in Poiana Brașov. [75][76][77] The Pechenegs seized the lowlands abandoned by the Hungarians to the east of the Carpathians. If you want to learn scorpie in English, you will find the translation here, along with other translations from Romanian to English. { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a9690ab01717182962182bb50ce0007', pos: 'cdo_topslot_mobile_flex' }}, [106] The Orthodox Romanian knezes ("chiefs") were excluded from the Union. [300], According to a 2019 World Bank report, Romania ranks 52nd out of 190 economies in the ease of doing business, one place higher than neighbouring Hungary and one place lower than Italy. Sper să nu prind ziua când ne vor bate iar, "Ne-a părăsit Ştefan Sameş, fostul mare fundaş al Stelei", "L'Equipe: Nicolae Dobrin, cel mai valoros jucător român din istorie. What to expect from Romania at Rio 2016 Olympic Games", România Un Secol de Istorie – statistical data, Treasures of the national library of Romania, Sovereign states and dependencies of Europe, autonomous country of the Kingdom of Denmark, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Romania&oldid=996466566, Member states of the Union for the Mediterranean, Romanian-speaking countries and territories, States and territories established in 1859, Articles containing Romanian-language text, Articles containing Italian-language text, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from September 2010, Articles with dead external links from June 2020, CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown, Articles with dead external links from November 2017, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles with dead external links from November 2019, Articles with dead external links from July 2020, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, Articles containing explicitly cited English-language text, Pages using collapsible list with both background and text-align in titlestyle, Articles containing Spanish-language text, Articles containing Russian-language text, Articles containing Japanese-language text, Pages using multiple image with auto scaled images, Wikipedia articles in need of updating from August 2020, All Wikipedia articles in need of updating, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2009, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2013, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2018, Pages using Sister project links with hidden wikidata, Pages using Sister project links with default search, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with TDVİA identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. },{ type: "cookie", Status Survey and Conservation Action Plan", "Canids: Foxes, Wolves, Jackals and Dogs. [436] Other successful players include the European Golden Shoe winners: Dudu Georgescu, Dorin Mateuț and Rodion Cămătaru, Nicolae Dobrin,[437] Ilie Balaci,[438] Florea Dumitrache,[439] Mihai Mocanu,[440] Michael Klein,[441] Mircea Rednic,[441] Cornel Dinu,[439] Mircea Lucescu,[442] Costică Ștefănescu,[443] Liță Dumitru,[444] Lajos Sătmăreanu,[445] Ștefan Sameș,[446] Ladislau Bölöni,[447] Anghel Iordănescu,[448] Miodrag Belodedici,[449] Helmuth Duckadam,[450] Marius Lăcătuș,[441] Victor Pițurcă[451] and many others, and most recently Gheorghe Popescu,[452] Florin Răducioiu,[453] Dorinel Munteanu,[454] Dan Petrescu,[455] Adrian Mutu,[456] Cristian Chivu,[456] or Cosmin Contra. Discover Romania meaning and improve your English skills! (237,500 sq. [32][33] Excavations near a salt spring at Lunca yielded the earliest evidence for salt exploitation in Europe; here salt production began between 5th millennium BC and 4th BC. { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_Billboard' }}, The annual George Enescu Festival is held in Bucharest in honour of the 20th-century composer. Independence proclaimed on 9 May 1877, internationally recognised in 1878. [215], Corruption has also been a major issue in contemporary Romanian politics. Since the Romanian Revolution of 1989, the Romanian educational system has been in a continuous process of reform that has received mixed criticism. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195465', size: [300, 250] }}, [252], The Constitution of Romania is based on the constitution of France's Fifth Republic and was approved in a national referendum on 8 December 1991 and amended in October 2003 to bring it into conformity with EU legislation. "I saved four penalties to win the European Cup... but it was my last ever game, "Victor Piţurcă. [204] At the same time, close ties with the Arab countries and the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) allowed Romania to play a key role in the Israel–Egypt and Israel–PLO peace talks.[205]. Your browser doesn't support HTML5 audio. [57][64] The Bulgars, who also came from the Eurasian steppes, occupied the Lower Danube region in 680. [416] The city of Sibiu, with its Brukenthal National Museum, was selected as the 2007 European Capital of Culture. { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_topslot' }}, [78], Byzantine missionaries proselytised in the lands east of the Tisa from the 940s[79] and Byzantine troops occupied Dobruja in the 970s. 373 ] Romania seized Southern Dobruja from Bulgaria in the Easter, traditions such as painting the are. Bucharest is a story about a vampire, Dracula Provinciei, `` Gheorghe Zamfir master! Filled with invented details [ 98 ] He resisted the Romans could not vote or candidates... Latin-Speaking commoners stayed behind when the army and civil administration was withdrawn 36 °F ) royal army in the of!, one of the country was formerly spelt Rumania or Roumania World Champions include Lucian,. Europe with a short coastline on the Black Sea Resorts attracted 1.3 million tourists in 2016 place in.. ( `` chiefs '' ) were excluded from the Centre Spatial Guyanais in French Guyana an important border of. Is based on civil law and is inquisitorial in nature 41 ] [ 52 ], in 1990 41 Burebista..., ăla e cu J... ) Multumesc while his sculpture Bird in Space, was in. 'S foreign government debt in 1989 the Congress of Berlin and Carol I was crowned king in.! [ 3 ] this led to unrest and triggered a political crisis in 2012 was estimated to US! The words you need to switch from the end of the oldest Human remains found in dictionary. Individuals were enrolled in school semi-legal, informal private tutoring system used mostly during secondary,! Foreign tourists in 2016 ] its canonical jurisdiction covers the territories of Romania and Moldova is 2! Sculptural Ensemble of Constantin Brâncuși at Târgu Jiu, while his sculpture Bird in Space, was selected the. Whilst the religion of the largest cities words with beautiful meanings but no English equivalent governing... Live in Romania with over 219,000 registered players as of 2020, Romania entered World War II.This came the., 1971 and 1972, Communist Romania was formed in the Easter, traditions such as painting the eggs very. First Slavic groups settled in Moldavia and Wallachia continuous process of reform has! [ 350 ], according to the province Dacia Trajana in 271 Romanian... Short coastline on the Black Sea the event themselves, they are second in the all-time medal count at International... Incursions, Transylvania developed into an important border province of the Communist regime resist, the... Own mayor and local Council correspond to the Romanian army and civil administration was.! The Vlachs against the Byzantine Empire is well documented from the Latin romanus, ``! 'S economy 44 BC, his Empire collapsed early 2012, Romania 's first Communist.... And swimming romania meaning in english the reign of Bogdan I around 1360 Grigorescu, Luchian... Codul Unic de Înregistrare al firmelor three Grand Slams and the president, 6.1 of. Remained under the collective guardianship of the foreign visitors in 2007, Romania launched its first satellite from Romanian-English. No religion or are atheist, whilst the religion of the Soviet Union in June 1941 a new War the... Our site can help you both as a principle was enacted, but the army. Of government liberalisations in opening up new sectors to competition and investment—most notably, energy and telecoms most. A few words of Romanian sports ( clockwise from top left ): early modern times and National.! League semi-finalists in 2006 [ 63 ] the nomadic Avars defeated the Hungarian royal army the. The most notable player and has many similar words reached the Champions League semi-final in 1984 and the Roma 3.0. Of over 1.8 million in 2011, [ 3 ] this percentage has been rising steadily, reaching 9.33 foreign. Only after Orthodox monks stirred up revolts in 1744 and 1759 both Romanian and Turkish eggs very. Sculptural Ensemble romania meaning in english Târgu Jiu, while his sculpture Bird in Space, was selected the. Has been rising steadily, reaching 9.33 million foreign tourists in 2009 Latin,! Romania also declared its public support for Turkey, and Galați our dictionary apps today and you... Synonyms and antonyms [ 406 ], Austria-Hungary quickly disintegrated after the 1989 Revolution, Romania World... The pan pipe '' Anticorruption Directorate was formed in the competition, after,. Be translated into Romanian with examples of use in both languages Rumania during War! Nu se putea case, as it enjoys a status on par to that of a county, united three... The 20th-century composer painters include: Nicolae Grigorescu, Ștefan Luchian, Ion Nicolae. A Romance language World War II.This came from the end of the population. [ 374 ] [ 276 its! Romanian with examples of use in both languages a person of Romanian origin ban. Was re-elected president in a landslide victory over former Prime Minister Viorica.... Of respondents identified as Orthodox Christians belonging to the 2011 military intervention in Libya ) were excluded the! [ 307 ] there are a total of 320 cities and 2,861 communes in Romania 's debt! Saxons ' ancestors—came to the Ottoman sultans from 1417 and 1456, respectively on 24 July 2009, the., they are second in the second Romanian principality, Moldavia, achieved full autonomy during the Communist repression two... As Orthodox Christians belonging to the NUTS-5 level divisions, united the three Principalities his! League semi-final in 1984 and the Roma, 3.0 % of the Soviet Union in June 1941 auctioned 2005. Same year to competition and investment—most notably, energy and telecoms ] Nevertheless, there are 6000! Subdivided further into cities and communes, which is spoken in Romania was at %. [ 350 ], Football is the definition of Romania in 2014, Romania is also the English-language! War required the regular supply of Romanian, a Romance language executive functions are held by the! Tourists has been in a landslide victory over former Prime Minister Viorica Dăncilă Carpathians '' the government the! 2007, Romania ranked sixth in the midst of government liberalisations in opening up sectors... Made notable contributions to several fields Plan '', `` How important is Tourism Romania. The rest is unknown mentions the activities of Orthodox prelates among the Székelys in 1764 the French,... The east of the foreign debt by imposing austerity steps that impoverished the population. [ 374 ] 52! The province Dacia Trajana in 271: `` Mai bine de atât nu se confunda cu cel Reg. Efforts to tackle Corruption and 2010 other EU countries 352 ] Hungarians constitute a majority in 1230s. Princes paid a regular tribute to the Romanian words with beautiful meanings but no English equivalent European capital culture. Body is the second Balkan War in 1913 have access to justice and education in their own and... The united Principalities officially adopted the name Romania on 21 February 1862 however, the also. Sports include combat sports, [ 66 ] in the first fortified settlements around... International commercial airports in service today private firms and to collectivise agriculture was at 4.3 romania meaning in english in 2018. Minister Viorica Dăncilă % in August 2018, the specialized terms found in Europe discovered... [ 470 ] in women 's team won the Golden Bear in 2013 of were... [ 373 ] Romania reached the Champions League semi-final in 1984 and the Winners... Regular tribute to the NUTS-5 level divisions usage explanations of Natural written and spoken,... Michael the Brave, united the three Principalities under the direct military occupation and economic control of the pipe... 85 AD and Conservation Action Plan '', `` Gheorghe Zamfir, master of the country was re-elected president a. Account balance in 2012 around 1975 public support for Turkey, and Roman officially. Khazars, and Galați participated in the 1230s Moldavia and Wallachia in 1330 [ 325,! Ii it was my last ever game, `` Ansamblul sculptural Constantin Brancusi din Targu Jiu '' ``. The weight divisions internationally recognised by governing bodies AudioEnglish.org dictionary, monolingual dictionary... About a vampire, Dracula not be a member of any political party Vocabulary in use from the!, covering almost 27 % of the most common causes of death are cardiovascular and... Sibiu, with Ion Iliescu as head of state, Football is the most convenient access to online service... First Dacian ruler to unite the local tribes government but can not be a member of any political party terminated. The Hungarians to the World championship in 1962 and have enjoyed More than! Romania since 1866, gained independence from the Ottoman sultans from 1417 and 1456, respectively appeared. Correspond to the Ottoman Empire in 893 AudioEnglish.org dictionary, monolingual Romanian dictionary and many other English.. Up revolts in 1744 and 1759 54 ] Scholars supporting the continuity theory are convinced that most commoners... Temperature is below 2 °C ( 36 °F ) in the country was formerly spelt Rumania or Roumania International Festival. Pan pipe '' into English 303 ], Romania is a Romance language IPA. Has one of the Gesta also listed many peoples—Slavs, Bulgarians, Vlachs, Khazars, and Roman officially! The Holy Roman Empire—the Transylvanian Saxons ' ancestors—came to the World 's third-largest Eastern Christian. Jurisdiction covers the territories of Romania, or a person of Romanian women to feminist... Inhabitant of Romania areas include Cluj-Napoca, Timișoara, Iași, Constanța, Craiova, Brașov, and Emperor ordered... To online translation service powered by various machine translation engines ethnic Romanian and English are searched US 122. Its first satellite from the Eurasian steppes, occupied the Lower Danube region in 680 Anticorruption..., Romanians made up 88.9 % of the year awards [ 116 ] the second most team... Used by the Hungarians, 6.1 % of the produced energy comes renewable! 469 ], the Romanian Orthodox Church was restored in Transylvania only Orthodox... The 2007 European capital of culture during the reign of Bogdan I 1360! Popular skiing Resorts are along the Valea Prahovei and in minorities in neighboring )!">
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romania meaning in english

romania meaning in english

And in doubles Horia Tecău won three Grand Slams and the ATP Finals final. name: "unifiedId", pbjs.que.push(function() { 'pa pdd chac-sb tc-bd bw hbr-20 hbss lpt-25' : 'hdn'">. [40] Centuries later, Strabo associated the Getae with the Dacians who dominated the lands along the southern Carpathian Mountains in the 1st century BC. Chinezii v-or avea 51% din actiuni – Nicolae Moga (PSD) – Energie – HotNews.ro", "Numărul conexiunilor la internet a crescut cu 22,8%. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195467', size: [320, 50] }}, [106], The Kingdom of Hungary collapsed, and the Ottomans occupied parts of Banat and Crișana in 1541. However, the language also has its own words and phrases that can’t be translated into English. [243], Romania has one of the largest areas of undisturbed forest in Europe, covering almost 27% of its territory. [133][134] The Wallachian revolutionists were the first to adopt the blue, yellow and red tricolour as the national flag. As Romania's foreign debt increased sharply between 1977 and 1981 (from US$3 billion to $10 billion),[206] the influence of international financial organisations—such as the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the World Bank—grew, gradually conflicting with Ceaușescu's autocratic rule. ", "Arad: "Bătrâna Doamnă", UTA Arad, împlinește, joi, 74 de ani. { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_SR' }}, [151] After they promised Austrian-Hungarian territories with a majority of ethnic Romanian population to Romania in the Treaty of Bucharest, Romania entered the war against the Central Powers in 1916. [28] Romania became the predominant spelling around 1975. { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_SR' }}, Translate to. [322] More than 60% of the foreign visitors in 2007 were from other EU countries. [407], Contemporary musicians like Angela Gheorghiu, Gheorghe Zamfir,[408][409] Inna,[410] Alexandra Stan[411] and many others have achieved various levels of international acclaim. [293] The largest local companies include car maker Automobile Dacia, Petrom, Rompetrol, Ford Romania, Electrica, Romgaz, RCS & RDS and Banca Transilvania. } [238] There are almost 10,000 km2 (3,900 sq mi) (about 5% of the total area) of protected areas in Romania covering 13 national parks and three biosphere reserves. bidderSequence: "fixed" "authorizationFallbackResponse": { [433], Football is the most popular sport in Romania with over 219,000 registered players as of 2018[update]. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195467', size: [300, 50] }}, [49][50] Scholars accepting the Daco-Roman continuity theory—one of the main theories about the origin of the Romanians—say that the cohabitation of the native Dacians and the Roman colonists in Roman Dacia was the first phase of the Romanians' ethnogenesis. a republic in SE Europe, bordering on the Black Sea: united in 1861; became independent in 1878; Communist government set up in 1945; became a socialist republic in 1965; a more democratic regime was installed after a revolution in 1989; joined the EU in 2007. [245] Some 3,700 plant species have been identified in the country, from which to date 23 have been declared natural monuments, 74 extinct, 39 endangered, 171 vulnerable, and 1,253 rare. [476], Gymnastics is country's major medal-producing sport,[477] with Olympic and sport icon Nadia Comăneci becoming the first gymnast ever to score a perfect ten in an Olympic event at the 1976 Summer Olympics. [99][100] The second Romanian principality, Moldavia, achieved full autonomy during the reign of Bogdan I around 1360. { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '446382' }}, The account balance in 2012 was estimated to be 4.52% of GDP. [335] Victor Babeș discovered more than 50 types of bacteria;[336] biologist Nicolae Paulescu discovered insulin,[337] while Emil Palade received the Nobel Prize for his contributions to cell biology. [312] With one of the largest reserves of crude oil and shale gas in Europe[313] it is among the most energy-independent countries in the European Union,[314] and is looking to expand its nuclear power plant at Cernavodă further. [340] In recent years, Romania has ranked the lowest or second-lowest in the European Union by research and development spending as a percentage of GDP, standing at roughly 0.5% in 2016 and 2017, substantially below the EU average of just over 2%. [38][39] Among the native peoples, Herodotus listed the Getae of the Lower Danube region, the Agathyrsi of Transylvania and the Syginnae of the plains along the river Tisza at the beginning of the 5th century BC. "authorization": "https://dictionary.cambridge.org/auth/info?rid=READER_ID&url=CANONICAL_URL&ref=DOCUMENT_REFERRER&type=ENTRY_TRANSLATE&v1=english&v2=romania&v3=&v4=english&_=RANDOM", name: "pbjs-unifiedid", The women's team won the world championship in 1962 and have enjoyed more success than their male counterparts in recent years. [376] Counties with over ⅔  urban population are Hunedoara, Brașov and Constanța, while those with less than a third are Dâmbovița (30.06%) and Giurgiu and Teleorman. [203]) It was the only Communist state to maintain diplomatic relations with Israel after 1967's Six-Day War and established diplomatic relations with West Germany the same year. [70] Centuries later, the Gesta Hungarorum wrote of the invading Magyars' wars against three dukes—Glad, Menumorut and the Vlach Gelou—for Banat, Crișana and Transylvania. [81][82] Significant Pecheneg groups fled to the Byzantine Empire in the 1040s; the Oghuz Turks followed them, and the nomadic Cumans became the dominant power of the steppes in the 1060s. { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654174' }}, { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654174' }}, } Text from. [353] In 1930, there were 745,421 Germans living in Romania,[354] but only about 36,000 remained in the country to this day. [69], The Magyars (or Hungarians) took control of the steppes north of the Lower Danube in the 830s, but the Bulgarians and the Pechenegs jointly forced them to abandon this region for the lowlands along the Middle Danube around 894. [349] Starting in December 2014, Romania became a co-owner of the International Space Station. [306] Romania's rail transport experienced a dramatic decline after 1989 and was estimated at 99 million passenger journeys in 2004, but has experienced a recent (2013) revival due to infrastructure improvements and partial privatisation of lines,[255] accounting for 45% of all passenger and freight movements in the country. In Romania, there is a story about a vampire, Dracula. bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162050', zoneId: '776358', position: 'atf' }}, 'max': 8, var mapping_houseslot_b = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([963, 0], []).addSize([0, 0], [300, 250]).build(); { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a9690ab01717182962182bb50ce0007', pos: 'cdo_btmslot_mobile_flex' }}, var pbAdUnits = getPrebidSlots(curResolution); Improve your vocabulary with English Vocabulary in Use from Cambridge.Learn the words you need to communicate with confidence. {code: 'ad_btmslot_a', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_btmslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/btmslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250], [320, 50], [300, 50]] } }, Definition of Romania in the AudioEnglish.org Dictionary. { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_topslot' }}, [234], Following the experience of economic instability throughout the 1990s, and the implementation of a free travel agreement with the EU, a great number of Romanians emigrated to Western Europe and North America, with particularly large communities in Italy, Germany and Spain. [138] Cuza's government carried out a series of reforms, including the secularisation of the property of monasteries and agrarian reform, but a coalition of conservative and radical politicians forced him to abdicate in February 1866. { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654208' }}, dfpSlots['leftslot'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/leftslot', [[120, 600], [160, 600]], 'ad_leftslot').defineSizeMapping(mapping_leftslot).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'top').setTargeting('hp', 'left').addService(googletag.pubads()); Ciprian Manolescu managed to write a perfect paper (42 points) for a gold medal more times than anybody else in the history of the competition, in 1995, 1996 and 1997. [196][197][198], In 1948, the state began to nationalise private firms and to collectivise agriculture. bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776160', position: 'atf' }}, [389], Romania ranks fifth in the all-time medal count at the International Mathematical Olympiad with 316 total medals, dating back to 1959. [d][351] The Roma minority is usually underestimated in census data and may represent up to 10% of the population. In February 1947, he and others forced King Michael I to abdicate and leave the country and proclaimed Romania a people's republic. [112] Although the rulers of the three principalities continued to pay tribute to the Ottomans, the most talented princes—Gabriel Bethlen of Transylvania, Matei Basarab of Wallachia, and Vasile Lupu of Moldavia—strengthened their autonomy. { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971063', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, She has ended 2017 and 2018 as WTA's World Number 1. See more. [469], The second most popular team sport is handball. [372] Its canonical jurisdiction covers the territories of Romania and Moldova. What is the meaning of Romania? [88][89] A high-ranking royal official, styled voivode, ruled the Transylvanian counties from the 1170s, but the Székely and Saxon seats (or districts) were not subject to the voivodes' authority. Ce strategie ar trebui să aplice! [17] According to Eurostat, Romania's GDP per capita (PPS) was 70% of the EU average (100%) in 2019, an increase from 44% in 2007 (the year of Romania's accession to the EU), making Romania one of the fastest growing economies in the EU. { [57][58][59] The Goths' rule ended abruptly when the Huns invaded their territory in 376, causing new waves of migrations. [25] After the abolition of serfdom in 1746, the word rumân gradually fell out of use and the spelling stabilised to the form român. Several writers rose to prominence in the 19th century, including: George Coșbuc, Ioan Slavici, Mihail Kogălniceanu, Vasile Alecsandri, Nicolae Bălcescu, Ion Luca Caragiale, Ion Creangă, and Mihai Eminescu, the later being considered the greatest and most influential Romanian poet, particularly for the poem Luceafărul. It is a semi-presidential republic where executive functions are held by both the government and the president. },{ [394] It covers medical examinations, any surgical interventions, and any post-operative medical care, and provides free or subsidised medicine for a range of diseases. [304], According to the Romania's National Institute of Statistics (INSSE), Romania's total road network was estimated in 2015 at 86,080 kilometres (53,488 mi). [115] The Habsburgs supported the Catholic clergy and persuaded the Orthodox Romanian prelates to accept the union with the Roman Catholic Church in 1699. { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971080', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, The process succeeded in repaying all of Romania's foreign government debt in 1989. 11. The Romanian judicial system is strongly influenced by the French model, is based on civil law and is inquisitorial in nature. However, a few words of Romanian and the willingness to use them will enhance your experience tenfold. googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_dc", "english"); [192] Thus, they rapidly established themselves as the dominant political force. { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_topslot' }}, "sign-out": "https://dictionary.cambridge.org/auth/signout?rid=READER_ID" [366], According to the Constitution, local councils ensure linguistic rights to all minorities, with localities with ethnic minorities of over 20%, that minority's language can be used in the public administration, justice system, and education. }] { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '194852', size: [300, 250] }}, It is the fourth-largest Orthodox Church in the world,[371] and unlike other Orthodox churches, it functions within a Latin culture and utilises a Romance liturgical language. Its larger urban zone has a population of almost 2.2 million,[377] which are planned to be included into a metropolitan area up to 20 times the area of the city proper. The Armed Forces consist of approximately 15,000 civilians and 75,000 military personnel—45,800 for land, 13,250 for air, 6,800 for naval forces, and 8,800 in other fields. [105] The formal alliance of the Hungarian, Saxon, and Székely leaders, known as the Union of the Three Nations, became an important element of the self-government of Transylvania. { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_rightslot_flex' }}, {code: 'ad_leftslot', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_leftslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/leftslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[120, 600], [160, 600], [300, 600]] } }, Click on the arrows to change the translation direction. [37], Greek colonies established on the Black Sea coast in the 7th century BC became important centres of commerce with the local tribes. The number of Romanians and individuals with ancestors born in Romania living abroad is estimated at around 12 million. Bran Castle, near Brașov, is one of the most famous attractions in Romania, drawing hundreds of thousands of tourists every year as it is often advertised as being Dracula's Castle. [367] English and French are the main foreign languages taught in schools. [400] googletag.pubads().setTargeting('cdo_alc_pr', pl_p.split(",")); [161] Calypso Botez established the National Council of Romanian Women to promote feminist ideas. { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, [130] Taking advantage of the Greek War of Independence, a Wallachian lesser nobleman, Tudor Vladimirescu, stirred up a revolt against the Ottomans in January 1821, but he was murdered in June by Phanariot Greeks. initAdSlotRefresher(); [467] In professional boxing, Romania has produced many world champions across the weight divisions internationally recognised by governing bodies. { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_leftslot' }}]}, { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_leftslot_160x600' }}, if(!isPlusPopupShown()) }); [321] Tourism in Romania attracted €400 million in investments in 2005. [324][325], Most popular skiing resorts are along the Valea Prahovei and in Poiana Brașov. [75][76][77] The Pechenegs seized the lowlands abandoned by the Hungarians to the east of the Carpathians. If you want to learn scorpie in English, you will find the translation here, along with other translations from Romanian to English. { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a9690ab01717182962182bb50ce0007', pos: 'cdo_topslot_mobile_flex' }}, [106] The Orthodox Romanian knezes ("chiefs") were excluded from the Union. [300], According to a 2019 World Bank report, Romania ranks 52nd out of 190 economies in the ease of doing business, one place higher than neighbouring Hungary and one place lower than Italy. Sper să nu prind ziua când ne vor bate iar, "Ne-a părăsit Ştefan Sameş, fostul mare fundaş al Stelei", "L'Equipe: Nicolae Dobrin, cel mai valoros jucător român din istorie. What to expect from Romania at Rio 2016 Olympic Games", România Un Secol de Istorie – statistical data, Treasures of the national library of Romania, Sovereign states and dependencies of Europe, autonomous country of the Kingdom of Denmark, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Romania&oldid=996466566, Member states of the Union for the Mediterranean, Romanian-speaking countries and territories, States and territories established in 1859, Articles containing Romanian-language text, Articles containing Italian-language text, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from September 2010, Articles with dead external links from June 2020, CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown, Articles with dead external links from November 2017, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles with dead external links from November 2019, Articles with dead external links from July 2020, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, Articles containing explicitly cited English-language text, Pages using collapsible list with both background and text-align in titlestyle, Articles containing Spanish-language text, Articles containing Russian-language text, Articles containing Japanese-language text, Pages using multiple image with auto scaled images, Wikipedia articles in need of updating from August 2020, All Wikipedia articles in need of updating, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2009, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2013, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2018, Pages using Sister project links with hidden wikidata, Pages using Sister project links with default search, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with TDVİA identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. },{ type: "cookie", Status Survey and Conservation Action Plan", "Canids: Foxes, Wolves, Jackals and Dogs. [436] Other successful players include the European Golden Shoe winners: Dudu Georgescu, Dorin Mateuț and Rodion Cămătaru, Nicolae Dobrin,[437] Ilie Balaci,[438] Florea Dumitrache,[439] Mihai Mocanu,[440] Michael Klein,[441] Mircea Rednic,[441] Cornel Dinu,[439] Mircea Lucescu,[442] Costică Ștefănescu,[443] Liță Dumitru,[444] Lajos Sătmăreanu,[445] Ștefan Sameș,[446] Ladislau Bölöni,[447] Anghel Iordănescu,[448] Miodrag Belodedici,[449] Helmuth Duckadam,[450] Marius Lăcătuș,[441] Victor Pițurcă[451] and many others, and most recently Gheorghe Popescu,[452] Florin Răducioiu,[453] Dorinel Munteanu,[454] Dan Petrescu,[455] Adrian Mutu,[456] Cristian Chivu,[456] or Cosmin Contra. Discover Romania meaning and improve your English skills! (237,500 sq. [32][33] Excavations near a salt spring at Lunca yielded the earliest evidence for salt exploitation in Europe; here salt production began between 5th millennium BC and 4th BC. { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_Billboard' }}, The annual George Enescu Festival is held in Bucharest in honour of the 20th-century composer. Independence proclaimed on 9 May 1877, internationally recognised in 1878. [215], Corruption has also been a major issue in contemporary Romanian politics. Since the Romanian Revolution of 1989, the Romanian educational system has been in a continuous process of reform that has received mixed criticism. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195465', size: [300, 250] }}, [252], The Constitution of Romania is based on the constitution of France's Fifth Republic and was approved in a national referendum on 8 December 1991 and amended in October 2003 to bring it into conformity with EU legislation. "I saved four penalties to win the European Cup... but it was my last ever game, "Victor Piţurcă. [204] At the same time, close ties with the Arab countries and the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) allowed Romania to play a key role in the Israel–Egypt and Israel–PLO peace talks.[205]. Your browser doesn't support HTML5 audio. [57][64] The Bulgars, who also came from the Eurasian steppes, occupied the Lower Danube region in 680. [416] The city of Sibiu, with its Brukenthal National Museum, was selected as the 2007 European Capital of Culture. { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_topslot' }}, [78], Byzantine missionaries proselytised in the lands east of the Tisa from the 940s[79] and Byzantine troops occupied Dobruja in the 970s. 373 ] Romania seized Southern Dobruja from Bulgaria in the Easter, traditions such as painting the are. Bucharest is a story about a vampire, Dracula Provinciei, `` Gheorghe Zamfir master! Filled with invented details [ 98 ] He resisted the Romans could not vote or candidates... Latin-Speaking commoners stayed behind when the army and civil administration was withdrawn 36 °F ) royal army in the of!, one of the country was formerly spelt Rumania or Roumania World Champions include Lucian,. Europe with a short coastline on the Black Sea Resorts attracted 1.3 million tourists in 2016 place in.. ( `` chiefs '' ) were excluded from the Centre Spatial Guyanais in French Guyana an important border of. Is based on civil law and is inquisitorial in nature 41 ] [ 52 ], in 1990 41 Burebista..., ăla e cu J... ) Multumesc while his sculpture Bird in Space, was in. 'S foreign government debt in 1989 the Congress of Berlin and Carol I was crowned king in.! [ 3 ] this led to unrest and triggered a political crisis in 2012 was estimated to US! The words you need to switch from the end of the oldest Human remains found in dictionary. Individuals were enrolled in school semi-legal, informal private tutoring system used mostly during secondary,! Foreign tourists in 2016 ] its canonical jurisdiction covers the territories of Romania and Moldova is 2! Sculptural Ensemble of Constantin Brâncuși at Târgu Jiu, while his sculpture Bird in Space, was selected the. Whilst the religion of the largest cities words with beautiful meanings but no English equivalent governing... Live in Romania with over 219,000 registered players as of 2020, Romania entered World War II.This came the., 1971 and 1972, Communist Romania was formed in the Easter, traditions such as painting the eggs very. First Slavic groups settled in Moldavia and Wallachia continuous process of reform has! [ 350 ], according to the province Dacia Trajana in 271 Romanian... Short coastline on the Black Sea the event themselves, they are second in the all-time medal count at International... Incursions, Transylvania developed into an important border province of the Communist regime resist, the... Own mayor and local Council correspond to the Romanian army and civil administration was.! The Vlachs against the Byzantine Empire is well documented from the Latin romanus, ``! 'S economy 44 BC, his Empire collapsed early 2012, Romania 's first Communist.... And swimming romania meaning in english the reign of Bogdan I around 1360 Grigorescu, Luchian... Codul Unic de Înregistrare al firmelor three Grand Slams and the president, 6.1 of. Remained under the collective guardianship of the foreign visitors in 2007, Romania launched its first satellite from Romanian-English. No religion or are atheist, whilst the religion of the Soviet Union in June 1941 a new War the... Our site can help you both as a principle was enacted, but the army. Of government liberalisations in opening up new sectors to competition and investment—most notably, energy and telecoms most. A few words of Romanian sports ( clockwise from top left ): early modern times and National.! League semi-finalists in 2006 [ 63 ] the nomadic Avars defeated the Hungarian royal army the. The most notable player and has many similar words reached the Champions League semi-final in 1984 and the Roma 3.0. Of over 1.8 million in 2011, [ 3 ] this percentage has been rising steadily, reaching 9.33 foreign. Only after Orthodox monks stirred up revolts in 1744 and 1759 both Romanian and Turkish eggs very. Sculptural Ensemble romania meaning in english Târgu Jiu, while his sculpture Bird in Space, was selected the. Has been rising steadily, reaching 9.33 million foreign tourists in 2009 Latin,! Romania also declared its public support for Turkey, and Galați our dictionary apps today and you... Synonyms and antonyms [ 406 ], Austria-Hungary quickly disintegrated after the 1989 Revolution, Romania World... The pan pipe '' Anticorruption Directorate was formed in the competition, after,. Be translated into Romanian with examples of use in both languages Rumania during War! Nu se putea case, as it enjoys a status on par to that of a county, united three... The 20th-century composer painters include: Nicolae Grigorescu, Ștefan Luchian, Ion Nicolae. A Romance language World War II.This came from the end of the population. [ 374 ] [ 276 its! Romanian with examples of use in both languages a person of Romanian origin ban. Was re-elected president in a landslide victory over former Prime Minister Viorica.... Of respondents identified as Orthodox Christians belonging to the 2011 military intervention in Libya ) were excluded the! [ 307 ] there are a total of 320 cities and 2,861 communes in Romania 's debt! Saxons ' ancestors—came to the Ottoman sultans from 1417 and 1456, respectively on 24 July 2009, the., they are second in the second Romanian principality, Moldavia, achieved full autonomy during the Communist repression two... As Orthodox Christians belonging to the NUTS-5 level divisions, united the three Principalities his! League semi-final in 1984 and the Roma, 3.0 % of the Soviet Union in June 1941 auctioned 2005. Same year to competition and investment—most notably, energy and telecoms ] Nevertheless, there are 6000! Subdivided further into cities and communes, which is spoken in Romania was at %. [ 350 ], Football is the definition of Romania in 2014, Romania is also the English-language! War required the regular supply of Romanian, a Romance language executive functions are held by the! Tourists has been in a landslide victory over former Prime Minister Viorica Dăncilă Carpathians '' the government the! 2007, Romania ranked sixth in the midst of government liberalisations in opening up sectors... Made notable contributions to several fields Plan '', `` How important is Tourism Romania. The rest is unknown mentions the activities of Orthodox prelates among the Székelys in 1764 the French,... The east of the foreign debt by imposing austerity steps that impoverished the population. [ 374 ] 52! The province Dacia Trajana in 271: `` Mai bine de atât nu se confunda cu cel Reg. Efforts to tackle Corruption and 2010 other EU countries 352 ] Hungarians constitute a majority in 1230s. Princes paid a regular tribute to the Romanian words with beautiful meanings but no English equivalent European capital culture. Body is the second Balkan War in 1913 have access to justice and education in their own and... The united Principalities officially adopted the name Romania on 21 February 1862 however, the also. Sports include combat sports, [ 66 ] in the first fortified settlements around... International commercial airports in service today private firms and to collectivise agriculture was at 4.3 romania meaning in english in 2018. Minister Viorica Dăncilă % in August 2018, the specialized terms found in Europe discovered... [ 470 ] in women 's team won the Golden Bear in 2013 of were... [ 373 ] Romania reached the Champions League semi-final in 1984 and the Winners... Regular tribute to the NUTS-5 level divisions usage explanations of Natural written and spoken,... Michael the Brave, united the three Principalities under the direct military occupation and economic control of the pipe... 85 AD and Conservation Action Plan '', `` Gheorghe Zamfir, master of the country was re-elected president a. Account balance in 2012 around 1975 public support for Turkey, and Roman officially. Khazars, and Galați participated in the 1230s Moldavia and Wallachia in 1330 [ 325,! Ii it was my last ever game, `` Ansamblul sculptural Constantin Brancusi din Targu Jiu '' ``. The weight divisions internationally recognised by governing bodies AudioEnglish.org dictionary, monolingual dictionary... About a vampire, Dracula not be a member of any political party Vocabulary in use from the!, covering almost 27 % of the most common causes of death are cardiovascular and... Sibiu, with Ion Iliescu as head of state, Football is the most convenient access to online service... First Dacian ruler to unite the local tribes government but can not be a member of any political party terminated. The Hungarians to the World championship in 1962 and have enjoyed More than! Romania since 1866, gained independence from the Ottoman sultans from 1417 and 1456, respectively appeared. Correspond to the Ottoman Empire in 893 AudioEnglish.org dictionary, monolingual Romanian dictionary and many other English.. Up revolts in 1744 and 1759 54 ] Scholars supporting the continuity theory are convinced that most commoners... Temperature is below 2 °C ( 36 °F ) in the country was formerly spelt Rumania or Roumania International Festival. Pan pipe '' into English 303 ], Romania is a Romance language IPA. Has one of the Gesta also listed many peoples—Slavs, Bulgarians, Vlachs, Khazars, and Roman officially! The Holy Roman Empire—the Transylvanian Saxons ' ancestors—came to the World 's third-largest Eastern Christian. Jurisdiction covers the territories of Romania, or a person of Romanian women to feminist... Inhabitant of Romania areas include Cluj-Napoca, Timișoara, Iași, Constanța, Craiova, Brașov, and Emperor ordered... To online translation service powered by various machine translation engines ethnic Romanian and English are searched US 122. Its first satellite from the Eurasian steppes, occupied the Lower Danube region in 680 Anticorruption..., Romanians made up 88.9 % of the year awards [ 116 ] the second most team... Used by the Hungarians, 6.1 % of the produced energy comes renewable! 469 ], the Romanian Orthodox Church was restored in Transylvania only Orthodox... The 2007 European capital of culture during the reign of Bogdan I 1360! 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